The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 41, July 1937 - April, 1938 Page: 263
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
range in American Indian social organization to interest students
of the American Indian in particular and culture in general.
At the outset, let us say that social organization "comprises the
segments or groups into which society is divided, such as family,
clan, age, sex, occupation groups and others." The "functional" or
"comparative" method which the essays follow is pointed out in
Redfield's introduction: "Radcliffe-Brown's signal contribution is
not derived from his use of the concept of function, but rather,
quite simply, from his emphasis on a strictly non-historical,
sharply scientific method in anthropology."
Tax's chapter, "Some Problems of Social Organization," dis-
cusses problems in regard to the presence and distribution of
cultural phenomena, particularly systems of kinship terminology
and their function in the integration of society.
Eggan's "The Cheyenne and Arapaho Kinship System" repre-
sents a "basic type of social organization for the western plains."
Both tribes show a system of classificatory type (collateral and
lineal relatives being classed together) but there are differences
between the Cheyenne and Arapaho in regard to affinal relatives.
Kinship behavior is described by relationships, through the life
cycle, social usages involving respect and joking among relatives,
and lastly in respect to social integration.
McAllister's "Kiowa-Apache Social Organization" is a study of
this tribe's social organization by means of its classificatory kinship
system with its terminology, related behavior patterns, relation-
ships of kindred in the various social units, and behavior described
through the life cycle of the individual. The "Life Cycle" will
hold the reader's attention, for it is carefully and beautifully
written and portrays the conditioning of children in family and
tribal education. Though a small group surrounded by peoples
speaking unrelated languages, the Kiowa-Apache maintained their
Opler's "An Outline of Chiricahua-Apache Social Organization"
gives a brief history of this tribe and a description of its social
segments. Figure 1 gives the classificatory kinship system which
is discussed in regard to relationships, behavior, and social impli-
cations. The portion on "The Social Segments at Work" is well
done-an exposition of how tribal unity is brought about through
the functioning of these groups.
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Periodical.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 41, July 1937 - April, 1938, periodical, 1938; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101103/m1/285/: accessed July 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.