The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 41, July 1937 - April, 1938 Page: 264
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Tax's "The Social Organization of the Fox Indians" follows
the same plan of study for the Fox of Iowa who possess an Omaha
type of kinship system. The most important segment is the family
group, but in addition we find the dual division in the tribe, packs
or gentes and religious groups following old traditional patterns,
and a more recent Peyote cult open to all. A discussion of the
Omaha type of kinship system in relation to patrilineal clans
completes the study.
Gilbert's "Eastern Cherokee Social Organization" describes kin-
ship among the Cherokees of North Carolina, with kinship fol-
lowing the outlines of the Crow type but with a "bifurcate-merging"
terminology (one-half of the collateral relatives are merged with
the lineal line). Social units are the band, clan, town and house-
hold. There are seven matrilineal clans, seemingly totemic in
Provinse's "The Underlying Sanctions of Plains Indian Culture"
is an analysis of social control mechanisms under headings of pri-
mary, secondary, and mixed sanctions. The police groups and
punitive measures are described. This essay is of especial interest
in regard to primitive law, for the Plains tribes, reputed to be
"archindividualists," developed an "organized and formalized
means" for curbing individualism.
Nash's "The Place of Religious Revivalism . . . on Klamath
Reservation" is a study of acculturation with revivalism as "one
aspect of a total response to white culture." The Klamath, Modoc,
and Paviotso suffered deprivation under white contact and at-
tempted to restore original patterns through fantasy in the religious
revival of 1870-78. Chief interest attaches to the diffusion of the
Ghost Dance, the Earthlodge Cult, and the Dream Dance which
preceded the acceptance of Christianity in 1878.
Like a bright thread, kinship runs through the warp and woof
of the social fabric, embroidering and embellishing the whole and
integrating the fabric. With its attendant terminology and be-
havior patterns such as avoidance, joking, and respect, it presents
one facet of the social organization. This theme of kinship, the
most important single element in cultural studies today, is stressed
in the essays above. The last two deal with law and religion.
The essays are a contribution of merit in the study of social
organization in the field of social anthropology. For those not
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 41, July 1937 - April, 1938, periodical, 1938; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101103/m1/286/: accessed July 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.