The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 41, July 1937 - April, 1938 Page: 314
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
morning. This day an Indian of the Paquasian nation7 was brought
in, who was roaming near the camp looking for something to eat.
A soldier and an Indian guide went with him to his rancheria
with orders to bring some Indians who might go along to herd
On the 14th they returned to the camp with nine Indians of
the said nation, whom the governor presented with two handfuls
of tobacco and some flour. They accompanied the expedition. This
day we went as far as the creek of Los Encinos, which is about
three leagues distant. At two and a half leagues a deep creek
with running water and bordered by live oaks presents itself. The
creek is in a deep place. It has some pools with fish, including
matalote, bream, and mojarra. I should note that those who have
previously seen this creek say that it is wont to become dry.
On the 15th we went as far as the Charco de Ranas which is
about five leagues distant. The way is level all the way. At a
league and a half is encountered the river of Las Nuezes, which
is deep and has a large river bed. It is bordered by many live
oaks, willows, elms, pecans, and mulberries.
On the 16th we went to the place of La Resurrecci6n, which was
given that name because of not having any and because of our
having arrived there on IHoly Saturday. It is about six leagues
distant. The road is level all the way and made delightful by
different flowers, wild marjoram, and grama grass. The place is
a ravine, deep in places, in which there is water the year round,
although it is turbid and bad tasting. It is overgrown with live
oaks and rosas de San Juan. Two Indians of the Paquasian nation
arrived at this place, but they soon left again with six of the nine
who were coming with us, three remaining to take care of the
livestock. The governor presented them with a handful of tobacco.
On the 17th we went as far as La Hedionda, which was called
thus because it did not have a name and because its water was
stinking. It is a ravine with some small pools and these are well
overgrown with live oaks. It is about six leagues from the pre-
ceding place. The entire road is smooth. Only at two and a half
leagues is there a ravine which in places contains water much like
7C6liz called this the Pacuaxin nation. They were probably the same
Indians as those also called Pacuache, Pakawa, and Pacao. Hoffmann,
Diary of the Alarcdn Expedition, 44, 91.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 41, July 1937 - April, 1938, periodical, 1938; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101103/m1/342/: accessed April 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.