The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 41, July 1937 - April, 1938 Page: 85
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The Free Negro in the Republic of Texas
men as their frontier neighbors and others as their officers in the
Revolutionary army. These Congressmen needed no prompting to
protect the rights of their black friends. Although the Congres-
sional Journals show that they were not always familiar with
the privileges already granted to particular Negroes, they were
sure to add the names of their own favorites to bills which granted
any Negro special privileges. Certainly every petition and as far
as we know every grievance presented was brought to the attention
of Congress and received parliamentary consideration.
A frequent complaint of free Negroes continually brought to
the attention of Congress was the exclusion from citizenship.
Because the term citizen was commonly used loosely as a synonym
for resident, it is not always easy to know whether a Negro was
asking solely for resident privileges or for all the rights of citizen-
ship. Certainly many of them asked for more than the right to
remain, most frequently joining resident rights with the privilege
erty of riting to you. I knew not of you being in the county until the night
before you left for Austin. it was my wish to see you from the time you
was elected but in consiquence of your absence I co[u]ld not. I presume
it is unecessary to give you eny informasion abought my coming to Texas.
I cam[e] here in 1831 invited by Col. Austin. it was not my intention
to stay until I had saw Col. Austin who was then in Mexico. after
se[e]ing him on his return and conversing with him relitive to my situ-
ation I got letters of sittizen ship. having no famoly with me I got one
quarter League of land insted of a third. but I love the country and did
stay because I felt myself mower a freeman then in the states. it is well
known that Logan was the man that lifted his rifle in behalf of Texas
as of fremans righted,. it is also known that Logan was in everry fite
with the Maxacans during the camppain of 35 until Bexhar was taken
in which event I was the 3rd man that fell. my discharge will show the
man[n]er in which I discharged my duty as a free man and a sol[d]ier
but now look at my situation. every previleg dear to a freman is taken
a way and logan liable to be imposed upon by eny that chose to doo it.
no chance to collect a debt with out witness, no vote or say in eny way,
yet liable for Taxes [as] eny other [person]. the goverment has giv[e]
me a Donation and Premium [land] and now in short I must loose it
for its taxes is well known. it is out of my pour to either settle on
my land or to sell them or to labour for money to pay expenses on
them. I am on examination found permcnt injurd and can nom[o]re
than support by myself now as everry thing that is deare to a freman
is taken from me. the congress will not refuse to exempt my lands from
tax or otherwise restoure what it has taken from me in the constitution.
to leave I am two poor and imbarrased and cannot leav honerable as
I came. I am tow old and cr[i]ppled to go on the world with my famaly
reeked. if my debts was payd I wo[u]ld be willing to leav the land
though my blood has nearely all been shed for its rights- now my dear
friend you are the first man I hav ever spoken to for eny assistance. I
hombely hope you as a gentleman whose eze is single towards individuel
is well noted al good will look into this errur and try if you cannot
effect- something for my relief. I know I have friends in the house
Here’s what’s next.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 41, July 1937 - April, 1938, periodical, 1938; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101103/m1/93/: accessed September 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.