The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 42, July 1938 - April, 1939 Page: 3
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The Origin of General Mina's Invasion of Mexico
After his release from prison, Mina returned to Spain and
found the old tyranny restored. It seemed as though the main
fruits of his sacrifices were completely lost. The court was taking
measures to subdue the rebellious colonies, and Don Manuel de
Lardizabal, minister for the Indies, offered the former guerrilla
chieftain the command of a division to be sent to Mexico. Mina
. . . as though the cause that the Americans defend was
different from that which raised the Spanish people to glory,
as though my principles resembled those of the egoists who
are sent to desolate America for our injury, as though
the right of the oppressed to resist the aggressor was new,
and as though I was destined to be the executioner of an
innocent people who lament the chains that bind their fellow
Mina had other plans. Francisco Espoz y Mina joined his nephew
in a plot to capture Pamplona and hold that place as a refuge for
the "benemeritos of the Fatherland who had been proscribed or
treated like criminals." Their success lasted for a day only, and
when General Espoz y Mina's regiment refused to turn against
their monarch, the plot collapsed. Francisco Xavier escaped to
France, and after a brief imprisonment at Bayonne, went on to
England in October, 1814, with the determination to defend the
cause of liberty wherever an opportunity existed.' He was granted
a pension by the English government,8 and before long became
the principal of a plot to invade Mexico.
PREPARATIONS IN LONDON
England was a favorite asylum for liberals and revolutionists
who entertained opinions favoring the emancipation of Spain's
colonies. English merchants were active in supplying munitions
of war to the rebellious colonials, and men like Cochrane, Miller,
248-58. Bangs missed that honor by at least three years, since Aaron
Mower was probably the first printer to set type in Texas.
6Mina, "Boletln," AGI PC, leg. 1900.
7Ibid.; Robinson, op. cit., I, 86-89; Zarate, op. cit., p. 559. Lardizabal
warned the colonial officials that Mina might attempt an attack on Mexico
8The pension was somewhere between 1,500 and 2,000 pounds sterling
per annum (Robinson, op. cit., I, 89; Mier to Sres. P. and A., Baltimore,
September 15, 1816, Hernandez, Documentos, VI, 917).
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 42, July 1938 - April, 1939, periodical, 1939; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101107/m1/11/: accessed October 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.