The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 42, July 1938 - April, 1939 Page: 4
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
and MacGregor took an active part in the struggles in America.
The London atmosphere was one in which Mina could thrive.
Here he was in communication with the author, priest, and polit-
ical philosopher, Father Jose Servando Teresa de Mier Noriega
y Guerra. Mier was a native of Mexico who had been sent to
Spain as a prisoner for having preached a sermon against Our
Lady of Guadalupe. The French invaders freed him and he went
to England.' Mina was in London when Mier returned from a
short trip to Paris, and the priest convinced the guerrilla general
that an invasion of Mexico would succeed.'0 Another Mexican
revolutionist, Colonel Marques, assured Mina that he would gain
strong reinforcements in Mexico,11 and he received encourage-
ment from other sources.
General Winfield Scott, the brilliant American soldier, was in
England at the end of July, 1815. Scott left England shortly
after his arrival and went to France where he remained until the
middle of January, 1816, and then returned to England.12 The
vacationing general was favorably disposed toward the cause of
the Spanish colonies in America, and hoped that the United
States would openly declare for them.3 Scott had an opportunity
9"Statement or Account of Mina's Expedition by J. M. Hebb [Isaac W.
Webb] . ." encl. no. 3 in Venadito to the First Secretary of State,
Mexico, April [30?], 1819, Archivo General de Indias, Papeles de Estado,
Audiencia de Mexico, leg. 14. Hereafter cited as Webb, "Account of Mina's
Expedition," AGI PE AM. References to Spanish and Mexican archival
materials are based on transcripts in the Ayer Collection, Newberry Library,
o1Webb, "Account of Mina's Expedition," AGI PE AM, leg. 14.
11Onfs to Apodaca, Philadelphia, July 23, 1816, AGI PC, leg. 1898. Onis,
whose information was obtained from deserters, asserted that Mina had
impersonated his uncle in London, and thereby succeeded in interesting
Lord Castlereagh and members of the opposition in the House of Commons.
The arrest of Espoz y Mina in Paris exposed Xavier's imposture, who then
turned to Marques (ibid.). This supposed imposture was denied in a letter
from "A gentleman in London to one in Savannah," dated at London, Sep-
tember 25, 1816, and printed in the Savannah Republican (National Intel-
ligencer, Washington, November 30, 1816).
12Charles Winslow Elliott, Winfield Scott, The Soldier and the Man
(New York, 1937), pp. 197-98; Winfield Scott, Memoirs of Lieut.-General
Scott, LL. D. (New York, 1864), pp. 157, 168. It has been stated that Scott
was sent on a confidential mission to sound the European courts in their
attitudes toward the struggle between Spain and her colonies, and especially
to determine if England had designs on Cuba (Edward D. Mansfield, Life
and Services of General Win field Scott-New York, 1852-p. 147). Major
Elliott denies that Scott had any such mission (Elliott, op. cit., pp. 196-97).
13Scott to Monroe, Paris, November 18, 1815, State Department Archives,
quoted by Elliott, op. cit., p. 203.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 42, July 1938 - April, 1939, periodical, 1939; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101107/m1/12/: accessed April 30, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.