The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 42, July 1938 - April, 1939 Page: 171
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
VoL. XLII JANUARY, 1939 No. 3
The publication committee and the editors disclaim responsibility for views expressed
by contributors to THE QUARTERLY
THE FIRST CATTLE IN TEXAS AND THE SOUTHWEST
PROGENITORS OF THE LONGHORNS
On his second voyage, only a year after discovering America,
Columbus landed cattle in Santo Domingo. Descendants of that
stock, hardly tinctured by the intrusion of foreign blood, though
probably dwarfed by inbreeding without selection, may yet be
seen on the island. In 1521, two years after Cort6s landed at
Vera Cruz to begin the Conquest of Mexico, Gregorio de Villalobos
brought over from Santo Domingo to the mainland "a number of
calves, so that there might be cattle, he being the first to bring
them to New Spain." Other importations followed. Before he
undertook the Conquest, Cort6s had developed a hacienda in Cuba,
and the great estate in Mexico that he stocked from it was signifi-
cantly named Cow Horn (Cuernavaca).
The English sparrow that came to the United States centuries
later and the boll weevil of the Mexican tropics that only a gen-
eration ago settled down on an Alabama plantation in the natural
"home" he had been so long ]unting did not find conditions for
propagation more favorable than the domestic animals of Spain
found in New Spain. There were no cattle or horses in the western
hemisphere, but the continents supplied no enemies that the
hardy importations from the Spanish Peninsula could not, unaided
by man, readily overcome.
The animals were as fecund as they were thrifty, hardy and
1Hackett, Charles W., Historical Documents Relating to New Mexico,
Nueva Vizcaya, and Approaches Thereto, Washington, D. C., 1923, I, 41.
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Periodical.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 42, July 1938 - April, 1939, periodical, 1939; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101107/m1/193/?rotate=90: accessed October 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.