The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 42, July 1938 - April, 1939 Page: 13
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The Origin of General Mina's Invasion of Mexico
news that he, too, was planning an attack against Mexico.57 His
fleet of four vessels weighed anchor on October 27.58 Yellow fever
broke out among the adventurers with disastrous results, killing
more than thirty before Galveston was reached on November 22,59
and leaving an effective force of about one hundred forty officers
Aury could not be expected to consider Mina's arrival as an
occasion for rejoicing. The situation at Galveston was already
sufficiently complicated to demand all of his energies without the
added factor of another expedition. Supplies were comparatively
scarce; he had just recovered from wounds received in the mutiny
of his followers on September 8; and his authority was by no
means firmly established among those who remained nominally
loyal. Eight days passed before the two leaders could come to
an agreement and then Mina was permitted to land his men.61
Father Mier arrived early in December, after having conferred
with the New Orleans merchants, lawyers, and privateers who were
always willing to aid the Mexican insurgents if profits were to be
had.62 Those conferences led to rumors that Mina was going to
lead an attack against Pensacola,63 and the promises of aid that
were made to Mier were probably conditioned upon Mina's under-
taking that project.
While Mina was organizing his skeleton regiments at Galveston,
57Mina, "Boletfn," AGI PC, leg. 1900.
slIbid.; Webb, "Account of Mina's Expedition," AGI PE AM, leg. 14.
Apparently only the Caledonia and Calypso finished the the voyage (Rob-
inson, Memoirs, 1, 102).
s9Mina, "Boletfn," AGI PC, leg. 1900. Robinson gives November 24 as
the date of arrival at Galveston (Memoirs, I, 102).
600nfs to the Captain-General, Washington, February 28, 1817, AGI PC,
leg. 1898. An informant, Losano, testified that Mina had 160 men, and
that Captain Menchaca arrived from somewhere in the interior with 25
men about the same time that Mina reached Galveston (Felipe Fatio to
the Captain-General, New Orleans, May 14, 1817, AGT PC, leg. 1900). An-
other account credits Mina with having 250 men (Extract of a letter from
Natchitoches, February 4, 1817, House Documents, 15 Cong., 1 sess., vol. 2,
no. 12, p. 7).
610nfs to the Captain-General, Washington, February 28, 1817, AGI PC,
62Diego Morphy to the Captain-General, New Orleans, December 4, 1816,
AGI, PC, leg. 1900.
63Morphy to Jos6 M'asot, New Orleans, December 23, 1816, encl. no. 1 in
Masot to the Captain-General, Pensacola, January 10, 1817 (No. 29), AGI
PC, leg. 1874.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 42, July 1938 - April, 1939, periodical, 1939; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101107/m1/21/: accessed February 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.