The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 42, July 1938 - April, 1939 Page: 276
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Pennsylvania Iron Manufacture in the Eighteenth Century. By
Arthur Cecil Bining. (Harrisburg, Penn.: Pennsylvania
Historical Commission, 1938. Pp. 227. Illustrations and
Those interested in the colonial period of American history will
recall the publication of Professor Bining's British Regulation of
the Colonial Iron Industry by the University of Pennsylvania
Press in 1933. The book here reviewed is closely related to the
former book and deals with the development of iron manufacture
in Pennsylvania during the eighteenth century. It should stim-
ulate others to engage in research upon the other colonial industries
with a view to enlarging the information about colonial economic
No question can remain in the reader's mind that by the
middle of the eighteenth century Pennsylvania had become the
"foremost iron producing center in the colonies." Appendix A,
which lists 167 ironworks erected in Pennsylvania and gives the
names of the owners and the locations in towns and counties, is
incontrovertible proof of the early healthy growth of the industry.
The story is related in nine chapters, each of which is followed
by a list of footnotes. The first chapter narrates the early at-
tempts at ironmaking in Virginia, Massachusetts, Plymouth, and
other colonies. The second deals with the "iron plantations,"
those communities in Pennsylvania engaged in the making of
iron. The third gives an account of the "geographical distribution
of the ironworks in Pennsylvania." The next two chapters discuss
the technique of iron manufacture and the improvements and
inventions in the industry, such as the blowing cylinders, stoves,
air furnaces, engines, and so forth. The sixth and seventh chapters
contain interesting information about the labor system and iron-
masters, respectively, while the eighth chapter deals with the
regulation of the industry by the Tron Act of 1750. The last
chapter is a summary of the iron industry in Pennsylvania in the
The worth of the book is increased by forty-two well-chosen
illustrations, a bibliography of eighteen pages, and a very useful
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 42, July 1938 - April, 1939, periodical, 1939; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101107/m1/298/: accessed May 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.