The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 42, July 1938 - April, 1939 Page: 280
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
and Americans from 1783 to 1 795 could only result in the issuance
of land patents by both governments. Comity required that the
United States should accept all Spanish titles where they did
not work to the prejudice of American settlers. Further com-
plications were furnished in the Washington District (now in-
cluded in Alabama) by certain English claims set up during the
British occupancy of Florida, 1763-1783. As a consequence, the
three federal land offices were constantly beset by petitions and
memorials asking remedial measures. Chicanery in such claims
was not lacking, nor did Americans look too judicially upon
English claimants during the Second War o f Independence. Too,
the settlement of Madison County (in the bend of the Tennessee)
upon the tribal lands of the Chickasaws gave much concern to
Governor Holmes and the military authorities of the United
States, who, at one time, threatened to use force to remove the
Another matter productive of much domestic correspondence
was the ernmeute in West Florida. Americans above the thirty-
first parallel were ready to assist the Kempiers and their fellows
in dispossessing the Spaniards from the area between the Perdido
and Pearl Rivers. Harry Toulmin, the efficient but disputatious
judge of the court for the eastern district of the territory, appears
as the protagonist of international ethics in a difficult situation.
Arrayed against him were such filibusters as Ieuben Kemper,
Joseph Kennedy, and Sterling Dupree.
Lastly, but not least in interest, are the papers dealing with
the question of statehood. The territory developed two factions;
the older, aristocratic settlers about Natchez and the democratic
"piney woods" group cast of Pearl River. Out of this political
dissension came the rejection of the offer of the Congress to set
up a state in 1811, a state which would have included the area
nrow found in Alabama as well as Mississippi. It was not until
Congress offered statehood to the area at present delimited as
Mississippi that the Natchez faction, controlling the constitutional
convention, was willing to risk the creation of a state.
This volume is admirably indexed. Its list of persons, obscure
in themselves, gives a key to the place of origin of many sub-
sequent settlers of Texas. Many students, it is certain, as this
reviewer, await eagerly the next volumes of the series dealing in
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 42, July 1938 - April, 1939, periodical, 1939; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101107/m1/302/: accessed November 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.