The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 42, July 1938 - April, 1939 Page: 315
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The Grange Movement in Texas, 1873-1900
plan to bring the two under one head.82 The Grangers worked for
an amendment providing that one-third of the available University
fund, which was derived from $600,000 in bonds and 2,000,000
acres of land, should be set aside for the College, and that it be
placed under the direct management of the Board of Directors
of the College instead of remaining under the control of the
Regents of the University." Master Rose in 1886 pointed out to
the Grangers that the experience of all industrial colleges showed
that university control tended to repress the industrial spirit and
that it ultimately destroyed the practical usefulness of any course
in manual training. "The potent classics keep up the spirit of
ancient times, while he who works with his hands is despised as a
serf," he said.84 It was up to the farmers of Texas to say where
the College would stand, he believed.5S In 1887, speaking for the
Order, he warned Senator C. K. Bell that the Patrons of Husbandry
meant "more than words" when they defined their position on the
question of the relations between the College and the University.86
The Grangers, more vociferous than on any other part of their pro-
gram, were unable in 1887 to put through the Legislature a bill
separating that part of the endowment belonging to the College
from the entire fund. However, they did block the move to place
the College under the Board of Regents of the University. Upon
appointment by Governor L. S. Ross in 1887, Rose became a member
of the Board of Directors of the College, and in 1889 was chosen
president of the Board where he served until 1896.87 Besides
backing the College as long as it was active, the Grange also
endorsed several proposals to establish a girls' industrial schoolW
Although the Grange movement represents the noblest efforts of
the farmers of Texas to better their conditions of life, its lasting
effects were few.
RALPH A. SMITH.
Oklahoma College for Women.
82Rose to H. H. Dinwiddie, October 26, 1883, Rose Letter Book.
83Rose to Governor John Ireland, November 4, 1885, Rose Letter Book;
Proceedings of Texas State Grange, 1887, appendix, pp. 6-8.
84Proceedings of Texas State Grange, 1886, p. 17.
85Proceedings of Texas State Grange, 1886, p. 19
86Rose to Hon. C. K. Bell, February 14, 1887, Rose Letter Book.
87Report of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas, 1888,
B8Proceedings of Texas State Grange, 1890, p. 3.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 42, July 1938 - April, 1939, periodical, 1939; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101107/m1/343/: accessed April 30, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.