The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 42, July 1938 - April, 1939 Page: 414
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
severed the state's connections with the Union by a vote of sixty-six
to seven. When, due partially to his insistence, the decision of
the politicians was submitted to the electorate, he stumped his
district in the interest of the Conservative position. But when
his state refused to heed his counsel, he opposed Lincoln's efforts
to provoke civil war among his people, and at an early date, driven
by the President's coercionist policy, he took the oath of allegiance
to the Confederacy. During the South's struggle for independence,
he rendered important service on the stump, on the bench, in the
army, in the state senate, and finally as Commissioner to the
Indians, by whom, as a mark of their esteem, he was renamed
With the close of the War, he urged that order and local self-
government be restored. But he opposed, as president of the
Constituent Convention of 1866, all changes in the constitution
"except those required of a degraded and fallen people." Elected
governor by the Conservatives in 1866, his administration was
embarrassed by harrowing Indian raids on the frontier, an evil
against which he was enjoined to raise a militia, and against
which Federal troops, stationed in the interior on the pretended
need for keeping order among an exhausted people, were for months
not used. About two hundred and fifty Texans were thus allowed
to become the victims of ruthless savages during the two years
that followed Lee's surrender. His inability to maintain cordial
relations with the military authorities of the region led to his
being summarily dismissed by General P. H. Sheridan. Defeated
in his efforts to prevent the restoration of civil government under
Radical hegemony, he became a leader in the movement against
alien rule. Then, after several vain efforts to regain the governor-
ship and a seat in the United States Senate, he identified himself
prominently in Congress with railroad legislation and the prob-
lems of frontier defense.
Professor Elliott has drawn with patience and with skill upon
pertinent manuscript, newspaper, and other printed materials to
produce this factual and balanced life of a second rate politician.
But such citations, fortunately few in number, as L. J. Wortham,
A History of Texas, for the results of the election of 1860, the
"McKinney Advocate, April 3, 1880," for data on the settlement
of Collin county in the eighteen forties, and the evidence given
that Throckmorton was offered the Secretaryship of the Interior
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 42, July 1938 - April, 1939, periodical, 1939; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101107/m1/443/: accessed June 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.