The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 42, July 1938 - April, 1939 Page: 62
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Vol. IV (1936) deals with New England, the Middle States,
and the District of Columbia and contains 586 pages. This ma-
terial is obviously well grouped because it relates to an area in
which slavery was primarily a domestic institution and, therefore,
was a negligible factor in agricultural production. As a domestic
institution it suffered keen competition as whites made better
servants in the home. As a factor in agricultural production the
climate and soil made it an unprofitable institution, since cotton
could not be grown to advantage. This explains why this section
had no use for the institution and why a philosophy for its dis-
posal soon developed. Since the plantation system never developed,
the regulatory system of the institution was radically different
for very obvious reasons. A highly regulatory system was indis-
pensable where slavery was really an economic institution or,
in other words, was a labor system. The slave code was largely
determined by the absence or presence of this factor. It will be
noticed that the grouping of the materials in this collection is
really controlled by this basic factor.
Vol. V deals with the rim rather than the realm of slavery. It
relates to the states north of the Ohio and west of the Mississippi
River, Canada, and Jamaica. Excepting Canada and Jamaica the
case material deals with the expansion of slavery into an area not
particularly adapted to slavery except Texas and Missouri. The
other states included are Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wis-
consin, Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas, Kansas, Nebraska, and Cali-
fornia. Of the 362 pages of case material of this volume 180
are devoted to Missouri and Texas. In other words, these two
states occupy as much space as eleven other states plus Canada
and Jamaica. This shows that slavery was primarily a product
of climate and soil.
The material of this collection consists exclusively of briefs of
judicial decisions usually restricted to an ordinary paragraph
giving the issue in the case and the decision of the court. The
cases are arranged chronologically under the major subdivisions
of states or areas studied. Each volume is well indexed. The
indices consist of lists of cases and also headings with references
which make it possible to pursue a topical study with indices as
a guide. For instance, such topics as the death of slaves, domestic
and privileged slaves, the education of slaves, crimes and mis-
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 42, July 1938 - April, 1939, periodical, 1939; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101107/m1/70/: accessed July 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.