The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940 Page: 7
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The Men of Goliad 7
by the Provisional Council of all his real duties and responsi-
bilities as Commander of the army, through the Council's appoint-
ment of Colonel Fannin, as its agent, with similar powers; and-
of more practical importance-with control of Texas' small quota
of supplies and cash-left for Eastern Texas, on furlough, to treat
with the Indians, and made no pretense of functioning as General
of the army from the 21st of January until reappointed by the
new Convention on March 4. At the critical period of preparation
for Santa Anna's coming, Texas was thus without the effective
services of her two essential men. Henry Smith, who had been
made Governor in Austin's stead, was without executive sense.
Besides, the Council, on January 11, deposed him, and then, in its
turn, had never a quorum after January 17. Lieutenant Governor
Robinson, made Acting Governor by the remnant Council, and
recognized as such by Colonel Fannin, had even less executive
ability, and much less character and courage, than Governor Smith.
No Texan can read the records of that fatal month of January
without a sickening sense of mortification, shame and wounded
pride. The complete breakdown of the Provisional Government
arose from the determination of those allied with the Gomez Farias
party to continue the fighting as a contest for "Constitutional
Liberty," in Mexico, just when a majority of the Texans had
become convinced that an outright war for Independence was
Texas' only way. Texas was dependent on American help and sym-
pathy; and that, now, was definitely the American point of view.
The "Constitutional Liberty" party professed to believe-some of
them, doubtless, did believe-that the shortest road to Texan
security and independence lay through an alliance with the Mexican
Liberals. But after Mexia's failure at Tampico, the Mexican
Liberals, as a party, had virtually ceased to exist. But there were
many Liberals in Tamaulipas; and the Texans who favored the
Liberal alliance now proposed an expedition to Matamoros to take
that city and organize further efforts in conjunction with the
Liberals there. To understand the actual merits of this project,
one needs only to know that it was suggested both to the Texan
leaders, and to the Tamaulipas Liberals, by Captain Pedro Julian
Miracle, Santa Anna's clever spy.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940, periodical, 1940; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101111/m1/15/: accessed May 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.