The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940 Page: 8
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
5. MILITARY PROBLEMS OF THE GOLIAD CAMPAIGN
To understand what happened at Goliad, it should be borne
in mind that the military problems of the Texan Revolution were,
essentially, problems of supply; and that the Port of Aransas
Pass, with its interior landing at Copano, played an important
part in both Texan and Mexican plans. In the years immediately
prior to the revolution, Copano had become the principal port for
Goliad and Bexar. A Mexican army advancing from the Rio Grande
must draw its supplies by mule train from the Mexican interior,
unless Copano and Aransas Pass, its gulf entrance, were Mexican
controlled. The Mexican campaign in the Texan colonies involved
opening Copano as a Mexican port and military base. On the Texan
side, there were no means of transport available sufficient to supply,
from elsewhere than Copano, a sizable Texan garrison at B6xar.
Of the importance of controlling Copano, both Mexicans and Texans
had had recent proof; Cos' army had landed there, and Cos
had later been starved into capitulation when the Texans, at
Goliad, had cut his communication with the coast. Texas, in
feeding a besieging army at San Antonio, had had to denude
the Texan settlements of supplies.
Since it was essential for the Texans to control Copano in
order to prevent its being used as an enemy base, and necessary
for the security of Texas that its growing volunteer army should
be concentrated, organized, disciplined, trained, and fed, these
ends could all be most conveniently accomplished by assembling
the Texan troops near Copano, particularly since that vicinity
also provided a healthful location, good water (at least at Refugio;
Copano was of itself deficient in that respect), and sure access to
rations of beef. General HI-ouston planned, therefore, to assemble
the Texan forces at and near Copano, and on December 30, 1835,
ordered Colonel Fannin to transport the volunteers at the mouth
of the Brazos to Copano, by sea. Immediate execution of this
order was postponed owing to the disturbances arising from the
proposed Matamoros project; and the plans, even of those who
favored taking Matamoros, were upset by the added scheme of
Dr. James Grant and Colonel F. W. Johnson, who had organized
their own Matamoros expedition, for which they had enlisted six
companies-four of infantry, one of cavalry, and one of artillery-
from among the eager and restless American volunteers at Bexar.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940, periodical, 1940; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101111/m1/16/: accessed June 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.