The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940 Page: 11
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The Men of Goliad
6. GOLIAD AND ITS INHABITANTS, FEBRUARY, 1836
Dr. Barnard has left us a graphic picture of Goliad as it
appeared on February 12 to Colonel Fannin and his men. Because
Goliad, as rebuilded, was on an entirely different site, we can
still visualize the typical Mexican frontier village as they saw it
on that day. The presidio church and the old fort remain, in
outline, much as they were seen by Fannin's men. The few stone
houses of the wealthier citizens, flat-roofed, with shuttered, glass-
less windows, and floors of hardened mortar, are gone; but it is
not too difficult to visualize them, as outworks, in close proximity to
the fort. Fifty or a hundred jacales, housing the humbler inhab-
itants, then sprawled about, for the most part, seemingly between
the river and the fort. But Goliad, as Colonel Fannin found it,
was not an inhabited town, for its Mexican citizens, as Dr. Barnard
Fearful of compromising themselves too far, had removed
to some ranchos about fifteen miles below the town.
This removal of the Goliad inhabitants was reported to General
Austin by Captain Dimitt, October 25, 1835. Dimitt wrote:
For some reason or another the people of this place have
nearly all left town. I have done, and have said everything
which I could to inspire them with confidence--but they had
seen the brilliant equipment of General Cos, his sword and
retinue; . . . they had listened to his flattering and cap-
tivating speeches, they had attended his parties and tasted
Since October this situation had not changed. Joseph T. Wil-
liams, of the Georgia Battalion, thus describes Goliad, as he saw
it as one of Fannin's men:
At the commencement of difficulties between this country
and Mexico, this village contained not less than a thousand
inhabitants.... Since this period the inhabitants, who were
S. . native Mexicans, had gradually retired down the river to
another port, and this place is now inhabited . . . by
volunteers. I do not believe there are ten native citizens here
at this time. One-third of the place affords ample and com-
fortable quarters to the soldiers, and the residue is abandoned
to cattle and dogs.
It may be remarked, in passing, that Colonel Fannin and other
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940, periodical, 1940; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101111/m1/19/: accessed June 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.