The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940 Page: 179
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Norwegian Migration to Texas
proclaim his views on America and Texas, especially in his own
In January, 1845, he published a formal announcement in his
paper stating that he intended to lead a party of emigrants to
America the following summer via Havre and New Orleans, and
those interested were invited to join the group.'1
In the spring of 1845 a small group-including his father, his
brother and sister, Hans Griigaard, a man of good family and
education who was intended to be their future teacher and preacher,
and some others-emigrated to the New World as an "advance
guard."'7 They delayed their final decision regarding their desti-
nation until they reached New Orleans; for the emigrants wanted
assurance that Texas would become a state of the Union. Upon
their arrival in New Orleans they were informed of the Congres-
sional resolution of March 1, 1845, providing for the annexation
of Texas. This news was a final influence which caused them to
settle in Texas.'8
In New Orleans, Ole Reiersen, the father, bought a land patent
for 1,476 acres in Texas, with the privilege of selecting any piece
of unclaimed land that he might choose. The group, about ten
in number,'" set out on a laborious and tiresome journey by way
of Natchitoches and Nacogdoches to San Augustine; and in the
fall of 1845 they took land and settled in northeastern Texas near
the present Brownsboro, then christened "Normandy."20 Thus,
the first real settlement of Norwegians in Texas came into ex-
Reiersen expected the arrival in the autumn of a larger group
from Norway, including the rest of his own family. For that
reason he returned to New Orleans as soon as a definite set-
tlement had been made. One group was forced to remain in
Norway till the following year; and most of those who came
to New Orleans concluded to try their luck in the Missouri
15Blegen, op. cit., p. 182.
IsBlegen, op. cit., p. 182.
17Anderson, op. cit., p. 374, and Blegen, op. cit., p. 182.
18Blegen, op. cit., p. 182.
19Anderson, op. cit., p. 374, says Grigaard and others had ideas of their
own and chose another route--by way of Marshall.
20olvestad, op. cit., pp. 199-201; Blegen, op. cit., pp. 182-183; and Ander-
son, op. cit., p. 374.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940, periodical, 1940; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101111/m1/193/: accessed December 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.