The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940 Page: 223
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The Counter-Revolution of Bexar, 1811
of the revolt in the south, and had taken steps4 to prevent its
spread to the province of Texas, which was under his political and
military command." In spite of his efforts, however, the situ-
ation in Texas became aggravated. In Coahuila, Cordero had
lost his entire command to the revolutionists;" and, soon after, a
conspiracy to overthrow the government was discovered in B6xar,
the capital of the province.' The governor immediately issued a
proclamation calling upon the residents of the capital to cooperate
with the government; then he called a council of war.8
cerned with troubles arising out of the mire of revolution slavered on the
face of New Spain by Hidalgo.
In spite of his efforts, however, the force of the revolution overpowered
De Salcedo. On January 22, 1811, Juan Bautista de las Casas surprised
and captured him. De Salcedo was sent in chains to the hacienda of Don
Ygnacio Elizondo, near Monclova. There he was later released by Elizondo.
On March 26 the governor of Texas set out from Monclova escorting Hidalgo
and the other revolutionary leaders who had been captured at BajAn by
In December, 1811, Don Manuel de Salcedo returned to Texas and again
assumed the office of governor of the province.
In the fall of 1812, an expedition under the leadership of Bernardo
Guti6rrez and Augustus William Magee invaded the province of Texas.
With little difficulty the expeditionary force, consisting of several hundred
Anglo-Americans and some Mexican patriots, captured La Bahfa. Don
Manuel de Salcedo besieged the town for several months, but he was finally
forced to reteat to San Antonio for lack of supplies. The expeditionary
forces pursued him to San Antonio. In spite of a heroic and desperate
defense, Don Manuel and his staff were forced to surrender on April 1, 1813.
A few days later some of the Mexican patriots murdered Don Manuel and
several other officers. Be it said to the credit of the Anglo-Americans in
the expedition that, when they heard the report of the brutal murder per-
petrated under the guise of patriotism, many of them returned to the United
States. Archivo General de Indias, Guadalajara, 302, Seville, Spain (pho-
tostat), Archives, The University of Texas. Laussat in Louisiane, Evene-
ments de 1803, MS., in the Cabildo, New Orleans, La., p. 75. Affidavit,
November 7, 1808, MS., Spanish Archives of Texas, The University of
Texas. (Hereafter in this paper this reference will be cited as B~xar
Archives, since the collection is better known by that name than as the
Spanish Archives.) Nemesio Salcedo to Antonio Cordero, February 23,
1809, MS., B6xar Archives. N. Salcedo to A. Cordero, March 20, 1809,
MS., Bdxar Archives. Bonavfa to judges of different settlements, March 1,
1810, MS., B6xar Archives. M. de Saleedo to N. Salcedo, October 27, 1810,
MS., Bdxar Archives. Proclamation, January 19, 1811, MS., Bdxar Archives.
4M. de Salcedo to N. Salcedo, October 28, 1810; October 29, 1810; Novem-
ber 11, 1810; November 18, 1810; November 21, 1810; MSS., B6xar
sN. Salcedo to Bernardo Bonavia, September 28, 1810, MS., B6xar
6Proclamation by Manuel de Salcedo, January 6, 1811, MS., B6xar
7M. de Salcedo to N. Salcedo, January 9, 1811, MS., B6xar Archives.
sProclamation by the governor, January 19, 1811, MS., B6xar Archives.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940, periodical, 1940; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101111/m1/237/: accessed August 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.