The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940 Page: 235
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The Counter-Revolution of Bexar, 1811
a fugitive. The same fugitive carried the evil tidings to Elizondo.33
On March 13, the agents of Bexar sent out by Zambrano to spread
propaganda in favor of the counter-revolutionary movement,
reached San Fernando, Coahuila. Don Jos6 Menchaca at once
subscribed to the movement and, together with the agents, he
set out for Elizondo's hacienda.34 That night, at Elizondo's
hacienda, Don Manuel de Salcedo, Don Jos6 Menchaca, the two
Bexar agents, and Don Ignacio Elizondo planned the capture of
Hidalgo and the other leaders of the Mexican revolution.33 The
morning of March 17, Elizondo captured Don Pedro Aranda in
Monclova, and on March 21 he captured Hidalgo at the wells of
Bajan. The next day Don Manuel de Salcedo arrived with re-
inforcements. A few days later Salcedo set out for Chihuahua
escorting Hidalgo and other prisoners.
As to what course Texas history might have taken had Hidalgo
been able to reach Bexar while Juan Bautista de las Casas was
in power, one can merely conjecture. It is not difficult, how-
ever, to surmise the result of Hidalgo's union with the filibusters
gathered in the Neutral Grounds,36 in view of the fact that the
following year the Gutierrez-Magee expedition, consisting of sev-
eral hundred men, invaded Texas, defeated the Spanish army,
and, on April 6, 1813, proclaimed an independent state.37
33Cadena and Elguezabal report several defeats of the insurgents, the
arrival of a revolutionary officer spreading false reports, and the fact that
news of the capture of Casas, Aldama, and Salazar in San Antonio had
reached Elizondo before the 10th of March.-Josse Andress Cadena and
Juan Jos6 Elguezabal to Juan Manuel Zambrano, March 16, 1811, MS.,
84Jos5 Menchaca to Junta, March 14, 1811, MS., Bfxar Archives.
S5Mufioz and Galan to Nemesio Salcedo, May 21, 1811, Nacogdoches
Archives, transcripts, Vol. 16, pp. 45-161, The University of Texas.
a3The Neutral Grounds was a narrow strip of land indefinitely designated
as lying between the Sabine River and the Arroyo Hondo by an agreement
entered into between Don Sim6n de Herrera and James Wilkinson on No-
vember 6, 1806; this agreement remained in force until the treaty of Feb-
ruary 22, 1819, defined the boundary dividing Texas and Louisiana.-
Sim6n de Herrera to Colonel Cushing, November 6, 1806, MS., Bdxar
7vKathryn Garrett, "The First Newspaper of Texas: Gaceta de Mexico,"
Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Vol. XL, pp. 200-215.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940, periodical, 1940; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101111/m1/249/: accessed April 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.