The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940 Page: 410
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
that Indian Territory, later Oklahoma, developed through a
process of eliminating districts from the original, larger Indian
Territory, which included the unorganized part of the Louisiana
Purchase south of the Platte. It was given these limits by the
government in 1848 with an area of nearly two hundred and fifty
thousand square miles. The larger Indian Territory was there-
fore more than three times as large as the present State of
The repeal of the Missouri Compromise and the organization
of Nebraska and Kansas form an important part of the history
of Oklahoma. After this action, the Indian Territory was con-
fined to the area south of the thirty-seventh parallel, and the
place of Oklahoma as the Indian state was established. From
the first proposal to repeal the Missouri Compromise to the open-
ing of the Civil War, repeated efforts were made to open the
territory of the present state of Oklahoma, which was then for
the first time a recognized unit. The peculiar Indian population,
however, made necessary an entirely different plan of settlement.
The weakness of the United States in the first years of the
war compelled the Indians to make terms with the Confederacy,
but it must not be overlooked that most of the Indians of mixed
blood were partisans of the Confederacy from the beginning. In
the period following the war, co-operation between the Indians
and the government of the United States was an extremely diffi-
The history of the Indian Territory from 1866 to 1879 is the
history of a struggle for the concentration of the Indians and
the establishment of a territorial government. The next ten years
were marked by persistent efforts of settlers (Boomers) to occupy
unassigned lands. In 1889, the western half, organized as the
Territory of Oklahoma, was opened to settlement. The settle-
ment of the eastern half, Indian Territory, went on contempo-
raneously. Public opinion in both areas was divided on the ques-
tion of statehood. Many people in the eastern half favored sep-
arate statehood for the "Twin Territories." Most of the people
of the Territory of Oklahoma preferred to wait for admission
until the two territories could be formed into one state. Indian
Territory made at least one serious attempt to secure separate
statehood in 1905 in the movement for the State of Sequoyah.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940, periodical, 1940; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101111/m1/434/: accessed March 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.