The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940 Page: 463
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Juan de Ugalde and Picax-Ande Ins-tinslic
A STUDY IN SCARLET
On the date set, the comandante general departed for the
new camp at the forks of the San Antonio on the first leg of
a general survey of the provinces which was to take more than
nine months," a period of crisis in which the entire aspect of
the frontier situation was changed.
The departure took place in the afternoon, and for the next two
days and three nights progress was slow, while brief visits were
paid to the AMescalero encampments along the Rio de Sabinas
and the Rio de los Alamos. Gifts were distributed among the
inhabitants of these rancherias and every encouragement was
given them to continue in a peaceful relationship.
As the morning of the third day waned, Ugalde and his escort
approached the forks of the San Antonio where great preparation
had been made for his reception. As his party advanced they
were met by mounted Indians, formed into two well defined wings,
who moved in perfect order to intercept the line of march. The
Apaches gradually increased the speed of their horses to a full
gallop, and fully armed as for war, to the stimulating notes of
a small drum and flute, made a well simulated sham attack
accompanied by heavy and perfectly timed volley firing.
In the midst of the body, surrounded by many unmounted
Indians, came Manuel Picax-ande Yns-tinsle de Ugalde,
elaborately painted, attired in a scarlet Spanish uniform
beautifully ornamented with silver, bearing no arms, and
with no other distinctive mark than the official cane of
office which he had received a few days before, at which
time he had been given the uniform.
After the proper greetings, which were not permitted to delay
the entrance into the encampment, the comandante delivered
some presents brought for that purpose from San Fernando,
These included a sheep, four pack loads of bread, fruit, tobacco,
and a few other articles "which were greatly appreciated."
At noon Picax-ande could not be found to share the dinner
which had been prepared in Ugalde's tent, and did not make
his appearance until mid-afternoon. At that time, however, he
36Flores to Ugalde, Mexico, Jan. 9, 1788. Provincias Internas, vol.
111; and Ugalde to Flores, Santa Rosa, Dec. 28, 1788. Provincias In-
ternas, vol. 159, A. G. M.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940, periodical, 1940; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101111/m1/499/: accessed June 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.