The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940 Page: 482
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
and the future condition of these dominions. If the known
facts about the Gran Quivira should be substantiated by the
information acquired, and if D[o]n Juan should find any pos-
sibility of exploring it and reducing it, by means of an alliance
or by conquest, to the dominion of H [is] M [ajesty], he may do
so. If he should deem it proper to report the matter to me
before taking any steps, he may do so by submitting a detailed
report on the matter in order that it may be discussed with the
circumspection due the importance thereof. A separate dispatch
will be issued to him for this commission.
By the following commission, Don Juan de Olivan Rebolledo
was ordered by Viceroy Valero to repair to the frontier province
of Texas. Of unusual interest are two facts set forth in this
commission: Texas was given the name of Philisabelia; its bound-
aries were officially fixed for the first time, including all the ter-
ritory between the Mississippi and the Medina rivers. The gov-
ernor was instructed to use kindness rather than force in sub-
duing the wild Indians, and to assign to them the most desirable
sites for settlements. Furthermore, the governor was to designate
sites for settlements of Spaniards, to explore the country, rivers
and harbors, and to set up fortifications; he was to request and
receive assistance from governors of adjacent provinces. Despite
the elaborate instructions, Don Juan did not serve this commission.
Mexico, June 3, 1719
In pursuance of the royal dispatch by which H [is] M [ajesty]
has approved the provisions I zealously adopted, in view of
the reports made by S [efi]or D [o]n Juan de Olivan [de Rebolledo]
on De[cem]ber 24, 1717, concerning the protection that could be
given the coast of the Gulf of Mexico and the territory of the
Texas [Indians] and other [territory] of these dominions against
incursions and trade by the French and [other] foreigners, and
in order that this dispatch may achieve the success I desire, I
have determined to organize, as I hereby do organize, the afore-
mentioned territory of the Texas [Indians] and those adjoining
it, which belong to the neighboring wild tribes, into a province
and jurisdiction. To this end, and for other purposes of the
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940, periodical, 1940; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101111/m1/518/: accessed May 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.