The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940 Page: 45
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Liotot and Jalot, Two French Surgeons of Early Texas 45
longed suction constitute the only successful treatment for snake-
After the time of this amputation, the name of Liotot occurs
only in some violent or some criminal capacity. When hunger and
hardship substituted the law of the jungle for the law of France,
Liotot took his place with the lawless felons. Because of a dis-
agreement with Moranget over the marrow bones of a bullock, he
conspired with Heins and Duhaut to murder Moranget, Saget and
Nika. He had treated, with success and patience, an arrow-wound
inflicted on Moranget by an Indian, and he had been repaid by
an outburst of abuse, so there was some ill feeling between the
two men. Joutel gives a harrowing description of the cowardly
crime: "They waited till Night, when those unfortunate Creatures
had supp'd and were asleep. Liotot the Surgeon was the inhuman
Executioner, he took an Ax, began by the Sieur Moranget, giving
him many Strokes on the Head; the same he did by the Footman
and the Indian, killing them on the Spot, whilst his Fellow
Villains, viz. Duhaut, Heins, Teissier and Larcheveque stood upon
their Guard, with their Arms, to fire upon such as should make
any Resistance. The Indian and the Footman never stir'd, but
the Sieur Moranget had so much Vigour as to sit up, but without
being able to speak one Word, and the Assasins obliged the Sieur
de Marle to make an End of him, tho' he was not in the Con-
With blood on their hands, these three assassins craved for the
life of La Salle himself and their revenge would not be complete
with anything short of this. It should be recalled here that starva-
tion, disease and Indian attacks of two years' duration had brought
the colony to a deplorable state. It was completely isolated and its
members had no idea of their geographic location. Several attempts
11Jackson, Dudley. "First Aid Treatment for Snake Bite." Doctor
Jackson milked the venom from rattlesnakes and injected it into experi-
mental animals. The poison was then removed by multiple incisions and
suction, and the animals would survive even though four minimal lethal
doses were injected and treatment delayed for one hour. As further
proof that the poison was actually extracted, he was able to produce
toxic symptoms and death by reinjecting the material into other animals.
As the result of these experiments, the treatment of snakebite has been
put on a rational basis and the procedure of multiple incisions and pro-
longed suction by specially designed suction cups is recognized the world
over as the only rational treatment. Texas State Journal of Medicine,
July, 1927, Vol. XXIII, pp. 203-209.
]2Joutel. op. cit. p. 133.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940, periodical, 1940; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101111/m1/53/: accessed March 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.