The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940 Page: 57
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The Parrilla Expedition to the Red River
iards would inspire the Indians with contempt so that "even the
Apaches would disdain to seek their friendship and the protection
of their presidios," then it would be necessary not only to maintain
the San Saba garrison but also to punish the northern tribes. The
details of the campaign were to be left to a junta to meet at San
Antonio. These decisions were approved by the viceroy on July 5,
and the necessary orders were issued.9
Since the Lipanes, one of the Apache tribes, had settled near
San Antonio they were easily accessible and, when Parrilla arrived
in October, steps were taken to sound the Indians as to their
willingness to enter missions. Chief Chiquito and several of his
tribe were invited to San Antonio, where a determined effort was
made to persuade them to abandon their savage life. The priests
held up before them the solid comfort and happiness in the mis-
sions. Chiquito replied that it was the firm intention of his tribe
to enter Spanish establishments but that they could not adopt a
settled life until the Comanches had been punished. With this
answer the missionaries had to be satisfied, writing to the viceroy
that they thought that a successful expedition against the Nortefios
would do much toward the reduction of the Apaches, whom they
had begun to distrust. All other tribes of Texas, except the Texas
Indians themselves, were in communication with the French, chiefly
for the purpose of procuring firearms. Such allies as the Spaniards
had, as in the case of the Apaches, were so only because of their
own extremity and not because of any friendship for the Spanish.
The declaration ended by expressing the belief that the Apaches
should be required to enter missions in case of a successful issue
to the expedition.'o
In the meantime the northern tribes had been giving signs of
restlessness. An attack on the Apaches by the Yojoanes served to
9Junta (Mexico City), June 27, 1758, Asalto, pp. 208-215. Viceroy,
decree, June 28, 1758, Asalto, pp. 215-6. [Viceroy], instrucci6n, July 5,
1758, Asalto, pp. 217-21.
loDolores to Parrilla, Oct. 23, 1758, Asalto, pp. 283-4. Dolores et al. to
viceroy Oct. 23, 1758, Asalto, pp. 286-93. Parrilla, autos, Oct. 17, 1758,
Oct. 18, 1758, and Oct. 25, 1758, Asalto, pp. 278-9, 282-3, 293. Parrilla to
viceroy Oct. 26, 1758, Asalto, p. 284. Parrilla and Dolores diligencia,
Oct. 18, 1758, Asalto, p. 283. Parrilla, Dolores, L6pez, and Aparicio,
declaraci6n, Oct. 17, 1758, Asalto, pp. 279-82.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940, periodical, 1940; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101111/m1/65/: accessed October 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.