The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940 Page: 60
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
The most difficult task that confronted the junta was finding
the necessary number of soldiers. It had been found by experience
that smaller expeditions had not had uniform success even against
single tribes of Apaches, so it was necessary to have a relatively
large troop in order to insure success against the Comanches and
their allies. Spain was guarding her frontier with a minimum
number of soldiers, few of whom could be spared from their
respective places without some danger to the frontier defense. On
account of this fact an expedition of any size had to consist largely
of militia and mission Indians. In order that it should not be
composed wholly of raw troops, it was recommended that certain
posts send regular, or presidial, soldiers, who were to be replaced
during the campaign by an equal number of militia. In this
manner a force of five hundred men was planned: one hundred
and thirty-nine presidials and officers, two hundred and forty-one
militia, thirty Tlascalteco Indians, and ninety mission Indians.'s
The total length of time necessary for the campaign was esti-
mated at four and a half months. It was proposed to pay the
soldiers thirty pesos per month and to require them to furnish
their own food and horses. This expense was estimated to be a
little more than fifty-two thousand pesos, the regulars already
being provided for. Besides this, there would be the cost of trans-
port and the money or supplies given to the heathen Indians for
their help or friendship. A pack train of two hundred mules would
be needed with one man for every five mules. Enough cattle were
to be taken to provide one pound of meat per day for each person.
Other supplies included maize biscuit, frijoles, condiments, four
thousand pounds of shot, powder, cannon, and a great variety of
other equipment. It can be seen that only a rough estimate of
total expense could be made. There was no way of telling how
much of this material might be used or ruined in the course of
The junta recommended that only the Tonkawa, Tawakoni,
Yscani, and Wichita tribes be punished. The Comanches and the
other tribes were to be spared till another time. The reason given
was that the Comanches were so distant, their location was un-
15Junta (San Antonio), Plan de los soldados, Jan. 30, 1759, Asalto,
16Junta (San Antonio), Extracto de los vfveres, Jan. 30, 1759, Asalto,
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940, periodical, 1940; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101111/m1/68/: accessed July 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.