The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940 Page: 62
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
engaged in unseemly quarrels as to responsibility for various
Very soon after mobilization started, Gatuno, at Potosi, requested
that something be done to support the soldiers who did not have
any money or means of maintenance to make the trip to San
Antonio, where their pay started. Many of the men lived from
day to day on the wages of their labor, and they would have no
opportunity to earn anything on a march of nearly a month's
duration. After the usual round of discussion at the capital it
was decided to allow half pay for the time estimated as necessary
to bring them to San Antonio.21
When the time came for departure each soldier was allowed his
"travel money," which he drew in the form of rations or other
equipment. He was allowed to choose from a limited list. For
example, the Tlascalans of Nadadores received a credit of ten pesos
each. One took soap, valued at two pesos; a knife, three pesos; and
a pair of spurs at five pesos. Another received soap to the value
of three pesos, a bundle of tobacco at one peso and two reales, and
eleven and a half pounds of sugar at five pesos and six reales.
Individual supplies varied, but everyone took soap and most of
them took tobacco.22
The "travel orders" of one the detachments is still in existence.
Gatuno y Lemos, alcalde mayor of Potosi, gave a "list of orders
to be observed on the road to San Antonio." This list contains
injunctions to refrain from violence, to keep together, to maintain
proper guard at night, and to report all infractions to Gatuno.
If it were necessary to procure extra food on the route they were
to do so only after they had presented their travel orders. The
2oEscandon to viceroy, Mar. 30, 1759, Auxilio, pp. 27-8. Goyo to viceroy,
July 15, 1759, Auxilio, pp. 124-5. Gatuno to viceroy, Apr. 14, 1759,
Auxilio, p. 2. Martos to Goyo, July 21, 1759, Autilio, pp. 155-6. Martos
to viceroy, May 31, 1759 and July 21, 1759, Auxilio, pp. 196-7, 156-7.
Parrilla to viceroy, July 15, 1759, Auxilio, p. 222. Villavicencio to viceroy,
Apr. 27, 1759, Auxilio, pp. 28-9.
21Gatuno to viceroy, Apr. 14, 1759, Auxilio, pp. 2-3. Fiscal to viceroy,
Apr. 27, 1759, Auxilio, pp. 4-6. Auditor to viceroy, Apr. 29, 1759, Auxilio,
pp. 6-9. Echevarri to viceroy, May 1, 1759, Auxilio, pp. 9-10. Viceroy,
decree, May 1, 1759, Auxilio, p. 11.
22Barrios, list, [May, 1759], Auxilio, pp. 177-80. Escand6n, list, May
10, 1759, Auxilio, pp. 37-38. Frexomil, list, May 16, 1759, Auilio, pp.
100-3. Goyo, list, May 4, 1759, Auxilio, pp. 159-61. Hoyos, list, [May,
1759]. Auxilio, pp. 49-50. Urresti, list, [May, 1759], Aucxilio, pp. 40-44.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940, periodical, 1940; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101111/m1/70/: accessed July 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.