The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940 Page: 64
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
As soon as the work of the junta at San Antonio was completed
Parrilla returned to San SabA. There, on the thirtieth of March,
1759, the Indians made a raid upon the horse herd. All twenty of
the soldiers comprising the guard were killed and all of the horses
and mules were taken. As soon as he heard of the raid Parrilla
dispatched a troop, but by the time it arrived there were only the
dead bodies despoiled of arms and clothing. Some attempt was
made at pursuit, but it was found that the enemy were too numerous
to be attacked. It was noted that all of the dead were marked with
bullet wounds only, and not a single arrow could be found. From
this it was concluded that all of the Indians were armed with
When the news reached the capital it caused each official to
present the same line of argument that he had previously pre-
sented and ended in an order by the viceroy that preparations be
hastened. The attack showed the need of peace or a vigorous
campaign, and since the campaign had already been decided upon,
the best policy was to push the expedition as speedily and as
thoroughly as possible. Although more than twice as many were
killed by the Indians in this raid as had perished at the time of
the destruction of the mission, little excitement was manifested.
It was but an incident, while the attack of the previous year had
marked the beginning of the hostility of the Nortefios, and had
the additional importance of involving the fate of a missionary
In the meantime information was being collected as to the
position and circumstances of the enemy. Most of this information
was gathered from the French and the east Texas tribes. It was
known that some of the tribes of the northern Indians had united
and, as reports indicated, were fortified somewhere north of the
Brazos. According to Father Zedano, a missionary at Guadalupe,
near the Angelina, there was an Indian stockade located on a
plain and surrounded by a fosse so as to be secure from surprise.
The French reported that they had ceased to trade with the
offending Indians but declared that they would not consent to
the establishment of a Spanish presidio among them since they
24Parrilla to Martos, Mar. 30, 1759, Aumilio, pp. 15-17. Parrilla to
viceroy, Mar. 30, 1759, Auxiio, pp. 18-20.
2sMartos to viceroy, Apr. 3, 1759, Auxilio, pp. 11-12. Parrilla to viceroy,
Mar. 30, 1759, Aumilio, p. 17.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940, periodical, 1940; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101111/m1/72/: accessed March 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.