The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940 Page: 66
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Friars were never men of one accomplishment; their duties were
as varied as the demands that were made upon them. Father
Acayos was the chaplain and Father Pelaez was the official
While many of the frontier presidials were veterans of Indian
warfare, there were relatively few among those in Parrilla's force
who had such experience. In spite of the inferior troops, Parrilla
was confident of success. He was an old campaigner himself. He
had been born in Spain of noble parents. For several years during
his youth he saw service against the Moors at Oran and Ceuta.
At the time of the war of the Austrian Succession he was sent
to Cuba and, when that conflict was over, went to Vera Cruz as
commander of the dragoons. His first task was the quelling of
riots at Puebla. This was followed by a punitive expedition which
he led against the Indians of the Sierra de Soquitlin. For these
achievements he was rewarded with the interim governorship of
Sinaloa and Sonora where he conducted a successful campaign
against the Seri Indians on the island of Tibur6n in 1749. He
further distinguished himself, both for good judgment and per-
sonal bravery, in the suppression of the Pima revolt which broke
out in 1751. He had every reason to believe that he was headed
for still other honors.30
The chief problem, so Parrilla thought, was to find out where
the enemy was located. Too many previous Indian campaigns
had been fruitless on account of failure to bring the foe to a
decisive engagement. Bearing in mind the information of Father
Zedano, he directed his course towards the northeast. For some
time no Indians were encountered. On the second of October, how-
ever, a Tonkawa village on the north side of the Brazos was sur-
prised. Several of the warriors were killed and one hundred and
forty-nine inhabitants were captured. Parrilla continued his march
without delay and when he found that the savages whom he had
just taken knew the location of the Taovayas he embraced the
opportunity to utilize them as guides. He now felt that he could
bring the expedition to a successful conclusion. The prisoners,
who were bound with chains and surrounded with guards to pre-
vent their escape, pointed out the way. On the morning of the
29Parrilla, auto, Oct. 7, 1759, Campania, p. 7.
30T. 25, pp. 320-2, of Bancroft Library transcripts of the Archivo Gen-
eral y Pfiblico de la Naci6n (Mexico), Provincias Internas.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940, periodical, 1940; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101111/m1/74/: accessed May 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.