The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940 Page: 69
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The Parrilla Expedition to the Red River
iards. So little was the effect that, after eleven volleys, the Indians
still greeted each shot with a shout of laughter.35
The Spanish retreat was a foregone conclusion. As night began
to fall the Indians redoubled their efforts to cut off the line of
retreat. A sustained attack was made upon the left wing, which
was forced to give way. Under various pretexts or none at all,
some of the soldiers left the field of battle. The whole body then
retired through the woods to the place where the fight had first
started. In this retreat the cannon were lost. The troops refused
to obey orders and the few who did try to save the artillery were
cut down by the Indians. With great difficulty Parrilla managed
to repulse several charges which the Indians made on their new
positions. When night came the Indians withdrew and some degree
of calm returned.36
At first Parrilla considered recommencing the battle on the next
day, but he soon found out that the soldiers had "a lack of spirit
for fighting the kind of Indians which have been seen." The officers
presented Parrilla with a petition asking him to retreat. They
argued the losses that had been suffered, the disintegration of the
troops, the amount of good already done, and the fact that "the
greater part of our troops have not the means of resting, especially
with such an intrepid and vigorous enemy near; since to the dis-
grace of being without discipline are added individual faults and a
total ignorance in handling arms, because no one in their prov-
inces has taken the trouble to train them in the use of arms, and
because many of them are strangers to the professions. . . . Since
we have seen them fail once under fire, we do not believe that it is
to the best interests of the king and these dominions to risk them
Father Acayos and Father Pelaez both thought that retreat
was wise, as did Parrilla himself, so he issued instructions to that
effect. Information brought in by stragglers revealed that the
enemy were still receiving re-enforcements and were so confident
that they had engaged in a big celebration and made no pretense
at keeping watch. Satisfied by this information Parrilla proceeded
with other duties, the first of which was to ascertain the amount
of damage done. He found that eleven Spaniards, one Tlascalteco,
35Idem, pp. 8-11, 14.
a6Idem, pp. 9-10.
37Idem, pp. 15-19. Officers, petition, Oct. 7, 1759, ampana, 6-7.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940, periodical, 1940; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101111/m1/77/: accessed August 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.