The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940 Page: 70
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
and one Apache were killed, and that fourteen Spaniards and one
Apache were wounded. There were nine desertions among the
Spaniards and four others, not including the Apaches, all of whom
had left in a body, and, "having begun their flight, took their
horses and many of ours." Most of the missing men showed up
during the night and the following morning. The cannon had
been lost, as well as many muskets, saddles, and other equipment.
On the other hand the Indians had not escaped without loss. In
the two engagements more than a hundred were known to have
been killed, and the Spaniards still had in their possession the one
hundred and forty-nine captives from the first fight.38
During the morning after the conflict, the camp was moved
closer to the woods to allow the fugitives of the day before to join
the main body. After this was accomplished Parrilla set out for
San Saba, travelling by the same route he had come. It was
reached on the twenty-fifth of October, 1759, and thus ended the
expedition. It certainly can be classed as a failure so far as the
vindication of Spanish arms is concerned, and that was the prin-
cipal motive urged in Mexico City in favor of the campaign.39
The reasons for the defeat were doubtless the unexpected position,
arms, and discipline of the Indians. Parrilla thought that, on the
whole, the Indians showed a greater degree of training than the
Spanish presidials, and he believed that the French had imparted
military information to them as well as furnishing them with arms.
This last is undoubtedly true. The sight of a French flag on a pole
within the stockade and the sound of fifes and drums was all the
evidence that the Spaniards needed. There were other causes for
the defeat. The troops were from widely scattered places and
lacked the cohesion of a true military unit. Many had no previous
military training and it is only fair to assume that the poorest
specimens were drafted from each place. Parrilla, in a letter
written long before the campaign had taken place, says of colonials,
"The soldiers here are in no way similar to those I commanded
and saw in service there [Morocco], they are difficult to reduce to
obedience and subordination, since they are gathered with them
30Officers, petition, Oct. 7, 1759, Campaa, p. 4. Parrilla, auto, Oct.
7, 1759, Compaia, p. 7. Parrilla, testimonio, Nov. 8, 1759, Campaa,
39Parrilla, testimonio, Nov. 8, 1759, Gampaa, pp. 23, 25-28. Fiscal to
viceroy, Feb. 6, 1760, Campaia, p. 40.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940, periodical, 1940; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101111/m1/78/: accessed October 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.