The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940 Page: 71
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The Parrill Expedition to the Red River
the most worthless loafers in breeding and instincts that their
Parrilla himself cannot escape his share of the blame. He had
an excellent reputation as an Indian fighter. This campaign would
have assured his fame as the foremost of the frontier campaigners
had it been successful. Trained in Spain and Morocco, he un-
doubtedly had the faults which European regulars often displayed
in American fighting. Instead of complaining of the qualities of
his soldiers, he should have planned his campaign accordingly.
Perhaps it is expecting too much, as we must remember that it
was not until thirty-five years later that Anglo-Americans evolved
battle tactics that would usually assure them of success against
an equal body of Indians.
The principal motive in founding the mission on the San Saba
had been to Christianize the eastern Apaches and to settle perma-
nently the question of the relations with this group of Indians.
Not only did the mission fail to attract those for whom it was
meant, but the project aroused the hostility of the numerous
northern tribes, all of whom were mortal enemies of the Apaches.
The destruction of the settlement raised up a new problem in
Indian relations, which it was decided to solve by the chastizement
of the offenders.
The delays and difficulties in getting the expedition started
illustrate the conditions which led, in a few years, to the appoint-
ing of a general commander for all the border provinces. Even
with all its troubles the campaign apparently should have been
successful, but the Spaniards ran into a different kind of Indian,
in spirit and arms, than they had previously encountered on the
northern frontier. Consequently they met defeat.
This defeat seriously injured Spain's prestige with the natives,
but it is impossible to tell what ultimate effect it might have had.
In a few years Spain was to displace France as the possessor of
Louisiana. By virtue of this change the Spaniards were able to
make peace with the Nortefios, especially as the rupture of the
peace with the Apaches removed the cause for friction with the
40Parrilla to viceroy, Apr. 8, 1758, Asalto, p. 123.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 43, July 1939 - April, 1940, periodical, 1940; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101111/m1/79/: accessed September 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.