The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 50, July 1946 - April, 1947 Page: 183
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leaders. This was not always pleasant, but it did enable him
to pursue Geronimo successfully.
The only real Indian defeat Crook ever had, one that he never
acknowledged, was with the Sioux on the Rosebud in 1876.
Whether an actual defeat or not, it was a tactical one, for the
Sioux attack prevented junction of Crook and Terry, prolonged
the campaign, and must have contributed to Custer's disaster
on the Little Big Horn. This was Crook's last major fight, but
he concluded this campaign by leading his men on the Yellow-
stone Expedition of fifty-two days, "the Horse meat march,"
as it was called by the participants, which was threatened with
disaster until ended at Deadwood in the Black Hills. By judi-
cious use of threats and promises, Crook succeeded in getting
the hostiles to surrender. Upon Terry's retirement, Crook was
promoted to major general and given command of the Depart-
ment of Missouri.
Crook came to feel that Indian troubles arose almost wholly
from greed of the whites and rascality of Indian agents. The
following quotation reflects his feelings: "This root [Camas,
in the Bannock country] is their main source of food supply.
I do not wonder and you will not either that when these Indians
see their wives and children starving, and their last source of
supply cut off, they go to war. And then we are sent out to
kill them. It is an outrage."
The Civil War interlude, though not overly important or
spectacular, brought steady promotion. Beginning as colonel of
the 36th Ohio Infantry Regiment of Volunteers, Crook crushed
the bushwhackers and disloyal elements of West Virginia. He
participated in the Second Battle of Bull Run, won promotion
at Antietam, was attached for several months to the Army of
the Cumberland, served under General Hunter in the Lynchburg
Campaign, and concluded his Civil War services with Phil
Sheridan in the Valley Campaign. The following quotation
gives his opinion of Sheridan: "It renders Gen. Sheridan's
claims and his subsequent actions in allowing the general public
to remain under the impressions regarding his part in these
battles, when he knew they were fiction, all the more contempt-
ible. The adulations heaped on him by a grateful nation for his
supposed genius turned his head which, added to his natural
disposition, caused him to bloat his little carcass with de-
bauchery and dissipation, which carried him off prematurely."
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 50, July 1946 - April, 1947, periodical, 1947; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101117/m1/200/: accessed April 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.