The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 50, July 1946 - April, 1947 Page: 12
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
The operators of the state had had their difficulties with labor
in the Gulf Coast area and with excessive production and lack
of transportation facilities in North Texas, and the Railroad
Commission was struggling with its many problems of admin-
istration and conservation when a new boom appeared on the
scene. This was the opening of the Fault Line play by the
discovery of gusher production from the Woodbine at Mexia
in the summer of 1921. Development was rapid, production
pyramided to over 100,000 barrels per day within a few months,
and exploration seeking similar faulted structure fields was
under way. The discovery of Currie followed in November,
1921, Powell in January, 1923, Richland in February, 1924,
and Wortham in November, 1924.
While hundreds of thousands of barrels of oil were being
produced daily in the Mexia district, development operations
were being expanded following important discoveries in three
other areas of Texas. The discovery of the Westbrook Field in
January, 1921, added West Texas to the list of oil producing
districts, the Panhandle was included in May, 1921, and the
Mirando area secured its first commercial production in April.
1921. The Luling Field, was discovered in August, 1922, and
was followed by exploratory drilling for faulted structures in
the Bastrop-San Antonio area.
Other events of interest and importance during these years
were the purchase of oil on a gravity basis in North Texas;
the development of an important natural gasoline business in
Eastland and Stephens counties; the introduction of the seis-
mograph and torsion balance into the Gulf Coast area; a re-
newed activity in the old Nacogdoches Field; the declaration
of martial law at Mexia in January, 1922; the discovery of
production in the Big Lake Field, two hundred miles southwest
of Ranger; the discovery of a noninflammable gas in a well
in Mitchell County; the granting by the Railroad Commission
of permission to operate the first carbon black plant in the state
in Stephens County; the construction of an oil pipe line from
Luling to Houston (prior to this time the trunk oil pipe lines
were east of a line drawn from Wichita Falls through Ranger
to Houston) ; and the construction of a gas pipe line from
Cotton Valley, Louisiana, to Beaumont, Texas.
Spindletop, the first major discovery in Texas, had continued
to produce oil during this entire quarter of a century, but its
production had declined from over 17,000,000 barrels in 1902
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 50, July 1946 - April, 1947, periodical, 1947; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101117/m1/28/: accessed December 12, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.