The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 50, July 1946 - April, 1947 Page: 22
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
The producing areas of Texas are commonly divided into the
major producing districts of (a) East and East Central, (b)
Gulf Coast, (c) North and North Central, (d) Panhandle, (e)
Southwest, and (f) West Texas.
Statistical records indicate that Texas has produced approx-
imately 9,634,006,000 barrels of oil since 1889 and that its
marketed value at the well is estimated to have been in excess
The first production in the state was secured in the East
and East Central district in 1866, although accurate records of
production from these areas are incomplete until about 1896.
Subsequent development in this district has resulted in the
discovery of prolific Woodbine sand pools as well as pools from
other horizons. The total production from this district has been
2,887,920,424 barrels, of which approximately 91 per cent is
from the Woodbine sand. The reported production from the
East Texas Field, producing from the Woodbine sand, up to
January 1, 1946, is 2,170,750,550 barrels. This total exceeds
that of any other field in the world.
The Gulf Coast was the first major producing district, and,
starting with the flush production from Spindletop in 1901, it
has produced a total of 1,979,169,066 barrels.
North and North Central Texas have produced a total of
1,324,641,461 barrels since 1904. The production in this area is
from strata of Permian, Pennsylvanian, Silurian, and Ordovi-
The Panhandle district, producing from Permian and Penn-
sylvanian strata, has yielded 537,471,835 barrels of oil since
1921. It has also produced and marketed tremendous quantities
of natural gas and is a most important source of carbon black.
Southwest Texas was the first area of the state to be reported
in statistical summaries in 1889. Since that time it has pro-
duced a total of 1,192,589,442 barrels of oil, of which approxi-
mately 20 per cent has been from altered igneous and rock of
Cretaceous age along the Fault Line, approximately 28 per cent
has been from rocks of Eocene age along the Laredo-Pettus
trend, and approximately 52 per cent from rocks of Oligocene,
Miocene, and Pliocene age along the coastal area. This district
has been the source of gas for much of the industrial develop-
ment along the coast of Texas, and more recently gas from
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 50, July 1946 - April, 1947, periodical, 1947; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101117/m1/38/: accessed April 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.