The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 50, July 1946 - April, 1947 Page: 55
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The Annexation of Texas
he claimed that the speech laid the annexation question for
three years. But other conditions suspended the question.
Perhaps by inadvertence, the Texan government did not with-
draw its offer of annexation immediately after the United
States declined. President Houston ended this undignified sit-
uation, however, in 1838, instructing the Texan minister in
Washington to inform the government that the offer was no
longer pending. The Texan Senate approved this action in 1839.
Houston was succeeded by Mirabeau B. Lamar. He had won
an enviable reputation as leader of the cavalry in the Battle of
San Jacinto and had served as vice-president while Houston was
president. He was a poet and an orator. He had a great vision of
Texas as an independent nation and devoted much of his in-
augural address to the expression of his views. Of annexation
to the United States, he said:
I have never been able myself to perceive the policy of the desired
connexion, or discover in it any advantage ... which could possibly result
to Texas. But on the contrary a long train of consequences of the most
appalling character and magnitude have never failed to present themselves
whenever I have entertained the subject. ... The step, once taken, would
produce a lasting regret, and ultimately prove as disastrous to our liberty
and hopes as the triumphant sword of the enemy.
Annexation would deprive Texas of her public lands, of the
right to make appropriations therefrom for internal improve-
ments and education, to levy her own taxes, to control com-
merce ... "pouring her abundant treasures into the lap of
another people than her own." When he turned from this
"dark and dreary picture" to the brilliant future that awaited
the independent republic, when he contemplated the "vast ex-
tent of territory, stretching from the Sabine to the Pacific and
away to the Southwest as far as the obstinacy of the enemy may
render it necessary for the sword to mark the boundary, ..."
he could not regard the annexation of Texas to the American
Union "in any other light than as the grave of all her hopes
of happiness and greatness." And much more of the same sort.
The people of Texas did not share Lamar's views, however,
and it was at Washington on the Potomac rather than at Austin
on the Colorado that the fate of annexation was to be settled.
V. THE REPUBLIC GAINS RECOGNITION IN EUROPE
BUT FAILS IN MEXICO
While annexation was lagging in the United States, progress
Here’s what’s next.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 50, July 1946 - April, 1947, periodical, 1947; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101117/m1/71/: accessed May 26, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.