The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 50, July 1946 - April, 1947 Page: 56
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
was made in Europe. President Houston sent J. Pinckney
Henderson to London and Paris in 1837 to gain recognition
and treaties of commerce. Henderson had already begun a
distinguished career in Texas, though he was then only thirty
years of age. He was born in North Carolina and came to
Texas after a short residence in Mississippi. He arrived in
Texas in June, 1836, and was commissioned a major general
to enlist volunteers in the United States in preparation for the
renewed invasion by Mexico, which was then expected. Houston
made him attorney general of Texas, and after the death of
Austin, secretary of state. Later he represented Texas as a
special commissioner, with Isaac Van Zandt, in negotiating the
treaty of annexation with the United States, was the first gov-
ernor of the state of Texas, major general in the Mexican War,
and United States senator, succeeding Thomas J. Rusk. He
negotiated an unsatisfactory trading arrangement with Eng-
land in 1838, without recognition of Texan independence and,
in 1839, signed a treaty of commerce and recognition with
President Lamar appointed James Hamilton of South Caro-
lina to cooperate with Henderson and, more particularly, to
negotiate a five million dollar loan. After the conclusion of
the French treaty, Henderson returned to Texas, and Hamilton
assumed the general diplomatic mission. Hamilton had served
South Carolina as legislator, congressman, and governor. Hie
had been a successful banker, planter, and railroad director;
had made a large fortune and lost much of it, but retained
enough to make generous loans to Texas. He did not succeed
in securing the five million dollar loan for Texas, fortunately
perhaps; but he concluded treaties of commerce and recognition
with England, Holland, and Belgium. He became a citizen of
Texas in 1855. Two years later, sailing from New Orleans to
Galveston, his ship was wrecked in a collision in the Gulf and
he was lost after giving his life belt to a woman and child.
President Houston's policy during his first administration
was to ignore Mexico, knowing that the government was unable
to send another army to Texas. Lamar, characteristically, was
more active, even aggressive. During 1839-1841, he made three
efforts to negotiate with Mexico. Barnard E. Bee, early in
1839, and James Webb, Texas secretary of state, in 1841, were
not allowed by the government to land. James Treat, of New
York, was received and spent nine or ten months in Mexico
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 50, July 1946 - April, 1947, periodical, 1947; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101117/m1/72/: accessed July 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.