The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 50, July 1946 - April, 1947 Page: 57
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The Annexation of Texas
with some encouragement but, in the end, accomplished nothing.
Treat deserves well of Texas, but our knowledge of him is
limited. The nearest approach to a sketch of his relations
with Texas can be drawn from Dr. Joseph Schmitz's Texan
Statecraft (Naylor, 1941). He first appears in connection with
a New York company interested in Texas land. He had spent
much of his life in South America and in Mexico, where he had
lived seven years. He was educated, cultured, and experienced
and seems to have worked for Texas intelligently and unselfishly.
He was actually received by the Mexican government, through
the assistance of Richard Pakenham, the British minister in
Mexico City. He was prepared for Texas to assume part of
Mexico's foreign debt in return for Mexico's recognition of
independence. It seems evident now that the Mexicans were
merely trying to divert Texas from alliance with rebels in
northern Mexico. In the end, Treat became certain that the
only terms to be obtained would be the return of Texas to
Mexico as a state of the federal union. He was suffering from
tuberculosis and during his last few months in Mexico was
critically ill. He sailed for Galveston on the Texan warship
San Antonio in November, 1839, and died on board.
VI. INTEREST IN ANNEXATION IS REVIVED
In December, 1841, John Quincy Adams recorded in his val-
uable diary that the subject of annexation seemed to be reviv-
ing. In fact, a number of events during 1841-1842 gave Texas
prominent space in the newspapers and helped to revive interest
in annexation. European recognition of Texan independence
stimulated interest and some apprehension. Above all, how-
ever, renewed hostilities between Mexico and Texas made the
subject of Texas live news.
During the summer of 1841 President Lamar authorized an
ambiguous expedition to Santa Fe, New Mexico. Three-fifths of
the present state of New Mexico was included in the statutory
boundary proclaimed by the Congress of Texas in December,
1836. Lamar's expedition was a mixed military and commercial
venture. He invited the inhabitants of the Santa Fe district to
unite with Texas. If they refused, a trading arrangement was
proposed. The accompanying soldiers were to safeguard the
wagon train of trade goods-or so it was argued. The expedi-
tion was poorly guided and suffered dreadfully from thirst and
hunger before encountering Mexican soldiers on the Pecos. They
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 50, July 1946 - April, 1947, periodical, 1947; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101117/m1/73/: accessed January 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.