The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 50, July 1946 - April, 1947 Page: 64
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
and the United States agreed to annex Texas as a territory,
subject to constitutional provisions for the government of
territories. It would be admitted to the Union as a state as
soon as the constitutional provisions for the admission of
territories could be complied with. Since Texas, by the terms
of the treaty, would be deprived of means to pay its public
debt by taxes or by grants of public land, the United States
assumed the obligation to pay the debt of the Republic of Texas
up to a maximum of ten million dollars. The boundary claimed
by Texas was that laid down by the congress of the republic in
1836-the Rio Grande from mouth to source and thence north-
ward to the forty-second parallel of latitude. As successor to
the public lands of Texas, however, the government might make
adjustments of this boundary with Mexico. The terms were
none too favorable to Texas, but the people undoubtedly would
have accepted it. Fortunately for Texas, the Senate rejected
XI. THE SENATE REJECTS THE ANNEXATION TREATY
President Tyler sent the annexation treaty to the Senate on
April 22, 1844. In his message of transmittal, he sought to
emphasize the advantages that all sections of the country would
derive from annexation, arguing at the same time the right
to annex and the danger of British interference, if annexation
now failed. "The country itself thus obtained," said the Presi-
dent, "is of incalculable value in an agricultural and commercial
point of view. To a soil of inexhaustible fertility it unites a
genial and healthy climate, and is destined at a day not distant
to make large contributions to the commerce of the world."
Commerce, manufacturing, and navigation would enjoy a grow-
ing profit from the connection; this was an appeal to the eastern
states. The West would find a market in Texas for its beef,
pork, mules, horses, and wheat-his idea being that Texans
would devote themselves to cotton raising. The South would
benefit by security from interference with slavery by domestic
and foreign agents. "Nor do I indulge in any vague conjectures
of the future." He thought the conclusion inevitable, that "if
the boon now tendered [by Texas] be rejected, Texas will seek
for the friendship of others." Texas had maintained her inde-
pendence for eight years, he said, and Mexico had no right to
consider annexation an act of aggression. There was nothing
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 50, July 1946 - April, 1947, periodical, 1947; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101117/m1/80/: accessed October 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.