The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 50, July 1946 - April, 1947 Page: 69
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The Annexation of Texas
is notoriously equivocal. Probably no single issue is ever pre-
sented "nakedly" to the voters, as Tyler asserted. Many who
voted the Democratic ticket were indifferent to Texas, many
favored annexation, and others voted in spite of the platform.
Tyler was correct, however, in his assumption that the voters
clearly understood that Democratic victory would hasten an-
Regardless of their attitude toward Tyler, members of Con-
gress were ready to act. First and last, eight or ten bills were
introduced proposing annexation on varying terms. One reso-
lution proposed to incorporate the defeated treaty into an act
of Congress and admit Texas as a territory. Another proposed
to annex Texas directly as a state. This proposal passed the
House of Representatives. The Senate made various amend-
ments. One amendment, offered by Benton of Missouri, gave
the President the option of proceeding to annex Texas directly,
with its consent, or of offering to negotiate a new treaty, a
procedure which might enable Texas to obtain advantages not
specified in the original resolution, but which, at the same time,
would expose annexation again to the hazard of ratification by
the Senate. The House accepted the Senate amendment. Which
alternative would the President adopt?
XV. TYLER OFFERS IMMEDIATE ANNEXATION
Perhaps it should be emphasized that Texas was annexed by
act of Congress, not by treaty. The original House resolution
for the annexation of Texas consisted of two paragraphs. The
first of these proposed that Texas should be admitted to the
Union as a state, with a republican form of government adopted
by the people of Texas and approved by Congress. The second
paragraph specified details: (1) boundary disputes with other
governments were to be adjusted by the United States, not by
Texas ; (2) the Constitution of the new state must be submitted
to Congress on or before January 1, 1846; (3) Texas must
cede to the United States all fortifications, barracks, ports and
harbors, navy and navy yards, and all other property per-
taining to the public defense. At the same time, it was to retain
its public debt, and all vacant public lands were to be owned
and disposed of by the state. In no case was the public debt
to be a charge against the United States; (4) new states not
exceeding four in number "in addition to the said State of
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 50, July 1946 - April, 1947, periodical, 1947; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101117/m1/85/: accessed June 25, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.