The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 50, July 1946 - April, 1947 Page: 70
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Texas" might be formed out of the territory of Texas and
admitted to the Union according to the terms of the Federal
The House bill was more favorable to Texas than the treaty
would have been. It admitted Texas as a state without requiring
it to pass through the territorial stage, and it permitted Texas
to retain its public lands and set up its own land system. The
public lands have been of incalculable benefit to Texas.
The Senate amended the House bill so as to give the President
of the United States the option of proposing to Texas the
negotiation of another treaty. Presumably, it was argued, Texas
might prefer such a negotiation in the hope of gaining addi-
tional advantages, such as assurances of improvement of rivers
and harbors. Undoubtedly, however, the Senate amendment
was a face-saving gesture on the part of some senators who
wished to tell their constituents that they did not vote for
The House concurred in the Senate amendment, and President
Tyler, without waiting for the inauguration of Polk three days
later, instructed the American minister in Texas to offer an-
nexation under the original terms of the House proposal. This
minister was Andrew Jackson Donelson, nephew of Andrew
Jackson. Anticipating efforts of the British and French diplo-
mats to defeat annexation, Tyler told Donelson to make every
effort to induce the Texas government to accept without delay.
Fears of British and French opposition were, of course, well
XVI. ENGLAND TRIES TO DEFEAT ANNEXATION
The attitude of the British government was plainly stated in
a letter to its representative in Texas dated January 23, 1845.
The election of Polk had indicated popular approval of annex-
ation, and Congress was then debating terms. Lord Aberdeen
Her Majesty's Government are firmly convinced that the dignity and
prosperity of that country [Texas] are more secure in its own keeping
than under the institutions of any other government, however powerful.
... It must be long before a newly settled and comparatively thinly
peopled country would command the attention and the weight which would
make up for an abandonment of the privilege of self-government--if
indeed such a result should ever be attainable.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 50, July 1946 - April, 1947, periodical, 1947; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101117/m1/86/: accessed January 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.