The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 50, July 1946 - April, 1947 Page: 71
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The Annexation of Texas
He said that the President of Mexico seemed to be leaning
toward recognition of Texan independence, and he hoped that
such recognition would make the Texans less anxious for an-
Captain Charles Elliot, the British charge in Texas, believed
that "several leading men in the country are only waiting for
an opportunity, and will declare themselves against annexation
decisively and energetically as soon as they think they can do
so without mischief to their popularity." He said that Anson
Jones sincerely desired the maintenance of independence but
that he would be helpless against popular demand unless he
could offer, as an alternative to annexation, recognition of
independence by Mexico. Here again we are uncertain whether
this opinion was induced from a shrewd diplomatic ruse on
Jones's part or was a true statement of his views.
In order to hasten Mexico's decision, Elliot proposed to go
secretly to Mexico on a British warship and present demands
of the Texas government. First, the Texans wanted an official
announcement of the willingness of Mexico to recognize inde-
pendence. Second, Texas would agree, in return, for a period
of ninety days, not to enter into negotiations looking toward
annexation to any other country.
As expanded by Captain Elliot, the Texas proposal, or ulti-
matum, contained four articles:
(1) Mexico consents to acknowledge the independence of Texas, (2)
Texas engages that she will stipulate in the treaty not to annex herself
or become subject to any country whatever, (3) limits and other conditions
to be matter of arrangement in the final treaty, and (4) Texas will be
willing to remit disputed points respecting territory and other matters to
the arbitration of umpires.
This memorandum was dated March 29, 1845. Four weeks
earlier Congress had passed the resolution for annexation. Could
President Jones hold off the decision long enough to receive
the Mexican response?
XVII. THE STRUGGLE OF THE DIPLOMATS
After long delay, the Mexican government accepted the terms
offered by Texas, namely, recognition of Texan independence
on condition that Texas should maintain its independence. On
May 17, 1845, the British minister in Mexico delivered to Cap-
tain Charles Elliot the Mexican reply. In addition to accepting
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 50, July 1946 - April, 1947, periodical, 1947; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101117/m1/87/: accessed July 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.