The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 50, July 1946 - April, 1947 Page: 72
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
the Texan proposals, it stipulated that its reply should be null
and void if Texas accepted annexation. In delivering the Mex-
ican document to Elliot his colleague in Mexico wrote:
It is a matter of regret ... that so much time has elapsed between
the presentation of the [Texan] articles to this government and the
moment of their acceptance, but you are too well acquainted with the
dilatory habits of Spaniards and Spanish Americans not to be able to
explain this circumstance to the President [of Texas].
Elliot made all haste back to Texas on board a French war-
ship and reported his arrival at Galveston to his home govern-
ment on May 30, 1845. He hastened to Washington-on-the-
Brazos and delivered the Mexican document, but President Jones
told him that the popular fever for annexation made its accept-
It is not likely that public opinion in Texas was disposed to
reject annexation, but the American government took no
chances. Donelson was instructed to urge acceptance and to
assure the Texans that objectionable conditions of the annex-
ation offer could be eliminated by Congress after annexation
was completed. Dr. Ashbel Smith, who played an influential
role in the diplomatic history of the republic, is authority for
the statement that agents from the United States were active
in promoting annexation sentiment and pledged the government
to shower benefits on Texas. He says:
The promises were among others to clear out our rivers for navigation,
to deepen the entrances of our harbors, to build lighthouses on our coast
for commerce, to erect military works, fortifications for the defense of the
coast, to execute important works of internal improvement, and to do
various and sundry other things for Texas which were beyond our means.
... Under the fostering protection of the United States it was gloriously
prophesied, with spread eagle magniloquence, that capital would flow into
Texas ... to develop and utilize our incalculable natural resources. Em-
ployment, wealth, and prosperity would reign in this land. Here in the
West lay the inexhaustible Orient.
But such oratorical exertions were unnecessary. Captain
Elliot easily read the writing on the wall and wrote Lord
Aberdeen on June 15 that he felt there was no reasonable doubt
of the result "and renewed reflection has strengthened me in
the impression that I had better not be here at the period of
... formal action upon the subject, be it what it may."
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 50, July 1946 - April, 1947, periodical, 1947; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101117/m1/88/: accessed August 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.