The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 50, July 1946 - April, 1947 Page: 73
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
The Annexation of Texas
XVIII. TEXAS ACCEPTS ANNEXATION
Though the American proposals were not laid formally before
the Texas government until the middle of April, 1845, a great
popular movement began as soon as the passage of the annex-
ation resolutions was known in Texas. Naturally, President
Jones could take no steps, even had he wished, until he received
the offer from the United States; but the impression was wide-
spread that he was opposed to annexation and that he would
defeat the movement if he could. Numerous public meetings
demanded action. Ashbel Smith wrote President Jones from
Galveston on April 9, describing the public excitement. He said:
"I find everywhere very great, very intense feeling on the sub-
ject of annexation. ... I am forced to believe that the immense
majority of the citizens are in favor of annexation, that is
annexation as presented in the resolutions of the American
Congress." He went on to say that plans were formed in a
number of counties to force the meeting of a convention if the
government did not act.
On April 16, 1845, President Jones called Congress to meet
in special session on June 16. He explained later that flooded
streams would have made it difficult for members to meet earlier.
One problem that the Congress was expected to deal with was
passage of a redistricting act to equalize sectional representa-
tion. After a few days of consideration, however, he decided
to propose an extra-legal ratio of representation and did so in
a proclamation dated May 5. The convention was called to
meet in Austin on July 4, though the government had been
carried on from Washington-on-the-Brazos since 1842.
Meantime, Donelson, the American commissioner in Texas,
had learned that Sam Houston was opposed to the terms offered
by the United States and visited him at Huntsville to try to win
his support. Rumor had not misconstrued Houston's attitude.
He wanted Texas to reject the proposal to enter the Union on
the terms submitted and insist on the negotiation of a new
treaty. By such a treaty he thought that the United States
could be induced to buy the public property of Texas and to
guarantee citizens against loss in the adjustment of the bound-
ary with Mexico.
Fortunately, Donelson found it unnecessary to convert Hous-
ton. Both Congress and the convention met on the dates fixed
by the president's proclamations. Jones placed before them
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Periodical.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 50, July 1946 - April, 1947, periodical, 1947; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101117/m1/89/: accessed September 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.