The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 50, July 1946 - April, 1947 Page: 76
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
unlocated lands of this grant were insufficient for and even
unsuited to the purposes of the Adelsverein. The lands of the
Fisher and Miller grant3 lay too far in the interior-approxi-
mately three hundred miles-to be easily reached from the
Texas coast, as Prince Solms correctly contended,4 and were
not even safe for settlement on account of the Indians. When
the Adelsverein's immigrants, therefore, somewhat over four
hundred in number," arrived at Indian Point, later known as
Carlshafen,'0 but more generally as Indianola, the time was at
hand for Prince Solms to put his various plans into action for
acquiring land outside of the Fisher and Miller grant.
From early in December, 1844, to early in March, 1845, Prince
Solms was generally with the immigrants, as his reports to the
Adelsverein show. During these three months Nicolaus Zink,
the engineer, moved about half of the settlers to Victoria and
to a camp on McCoy's Creek, forty-two miles farther up the
It was now high time for Prince Solms to make definite ar-
rangements about buying land. With this in mind he left camp on
March 6 with San Antonio as his destination and arrived there
on the tenth. From the eleventh through the fourteenth of
upper reaches of the Medina and Frio west of San Antonio. On April 7,
1844, these grantees transferred their contract to the Adelsverein, and
under the transfer Bourgeois became colonial director. (For a history of
this grant, see Biesele, German Settlements in Texas, 71-76, where a
map of the grant is shown. Efforts by Bourgeois to get his contract
renewed and extended failed, and the contract had lapsed by the time it
was transferred to the Adelsverein.)
3For the Fisher and Miller colonization contract and an account of how
these grantees became associated with the Adelsverein, see Biesele, German
Settlements in Texas, 76-82.
4"Berichte des Prinzen Karl zu Solms-Braunfels an den Mainzer Adels-
verein," in Kalender der Neu Braunfelser Zeitung fuer 1916, pp. 30-32, 43.
Subsequent references will be made as "Berichte" in Kalender.
nPassenger lists of the Bremen brigs Weser, Johann Dethardt, Ferdi-
nand, Herrschel, and Apollo are on file in Colonization Papers, 1843-1845
and 1846-1873, in the Texas State Archives and indicate that these ships
brought about 450 immigrants to Texas for the Adelsverein by the end
'6The name Carlshafen was chosen by an agreement between Prince
Solms and S. A. White, the owner of Indian Point. (See "Berichte" in
Kalender, 44.) The name of S. A. White appears frequently in the Deed
Record of Calhoun County. Particularly in point is the deed by White
conveying land in Indian Point to the German Emigration Company, the
legal name by which the Adelsverein was known in Texas. (See Calhoun
County Deed Record, A, 162-164.)
7"Berichte" in Kalender, 40-60. The camp on McCoy's Creek must have
been pretty close to present-day Hochheim in the northern part of De Witt
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 50, July 1946 - April, 1947, periodical, 1947; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101117/m1/92/: accessed May 30, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.