The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 51, July 1947 - April, 1948 Page: 101
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a past which stemmed from the Italy of St. Francis of Assisi and
from the Indian lands of New Spain which the Spanish con-
quered in the sixteenth century.
Next Dr. Fisher traces the Franciscan backgrounds from the
life of St. Francis in Italy through the missionary accomplish-
ments in the Cortesian conquest of Mexico and the expeditions
into New Mexico, Fray Marcos de Niza (1539), the Coronado
adventure, and the subsequent work of Friar Augustin Rodriguez
and Father Bernardino Betran (1582). This includes what seems
to the reviewer to be some quite unnecessary information con-
cerning the poor Clares who never were installed in New Mexico,
Franciscans in various parts of Mexico which had little or no
connection with the missions of the North, as well as the Fran-
ciscan ventures in the Philippine Islands, Japan, Australia, and
New Zealand. In the following chapter there is discussion of
the establishment of the New Mexican missions from the con-
quest of Ofiate through the Pueblo Indian rebellion of 168o0.
This includes the question of jurisdiction and privileges allowed
the Franciscans, the assignments of missionaries to different In-
dian villages, the problems of the early religions, the rivalry of
mission head and royal governor, the mission supply train, the
missionary martyrs, and the final exodus of the Spaniards when
the Indians united and revolted against the discipline of Spanish
government and religion. Here again there seem to be unnec-
essary yet really incomplete elaborations including the Spanish
institution of encomienda.
The latter part of the volume is, perhaps, the more valuable
in that it deals specifically with the surviving churches and the
ruins of the missions, their reclamation and rededication. Ap-
pendix I is a list of the martyred religious; Appendix II, the
custodians from 1617 to 168o; Appendix III, the Franciscans
who worked to establish the Church in New Mexico; and Ap-
pendix IV, the Franciscans in the area in 1942.
This volume is not a scholarly presentation, nor yet is it pop-
ular enough to appeal generally. Unfortunately there are a
number of errors and evidence that recent findings have not
been thoroughly consulted. For example the quotation from the
Catholic Encyclopedia (pp. 43-44) is not correct-words have
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 51, July 1947 - April, 1948, periodical, 1948; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101119/m1/119/: accessed March 30, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.