The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 51, July 1947 - April, 1948 Page: 132
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
which was, of course, Borden's greatest contribution to the food
In 1837, President Sam Houston sent Borden to Galveston as
collector of the port, and some time later Borden began experi-
menting on the concentration and preservation of certain foods,
especially meat juices, so that they could be used on long jour-
neys. According to an account written by the Reverend W. M.
Baker, a young Presbyterian minister in Galveston at that time,
Borden built a crude laboratory back of his fig orchard. This
laboratory consisted of a fireplace, an enormous kettle, and an
There is nothing in these letters indicating the site of the
Borden home, but Mrs. J. E. Murphy of Galveston has furnished
some interesting facts concerning its location. The Gail Borden
marker which stood for some years' at the southeast corner of
Thirty-fifth and Avenue O has recently been placed at 3410 Ave-
nue P, which is now known to be the location of the original Bor-
den home. The house, which was a long, one-story building, was
later cut in two, and one part moved to the back of the lot. This
part of the original home is still standing with some additions
made to it. George Wolfer is the present owner of this property.
Later, Gail Borden built a place which he called "Borden's Wind-
mill" on Woolam's Lake, about Fortieth and Avenue R. It is pre-
sumed this is where he had his laboratory and began his experi-
When a party starting from Galveston on a thousand mile
trip overland asked Borden to prepare some food for their jour-
ney, he agreed and after several attempts succeeded in making
a meat biscuit which he felt certain could be used for this
Before long, others were seeking this new food-Texas Rangers,
colonists, and ships sailing out of Galveston. Dr. Elisha Kent
Kane had Borden prepare the pemmican which he took with
him on his Arctic expedition. Finally Borden built a factory
where the Santa Fe Railway station now stands and installed
sufficient machinery to handle several thousand pounds of meat
Clarence Wharton states in his biography that
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 51, July 1947 - April, 1948, periodical, 1948; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101119/m1/174/: accessed April 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.