The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 51, July 1947 - April, 1948 Page: 20
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Elguezabal, on February 15, replied that he would provide a
retinue of all the troops available under the existing difficult
situation. He informed the bishop, however, that such a trip
as he proposed could be made only by horseback and that the
trails would be cleared for travel by horse.12
From Camargo on the Rio Grande, the bishop went first to
La Bahia del Espiritu Santo (present Goliad). The date of his
arrival at and departure from that place is not known.'3 On
April 2o, 1805, the military records for La Bahia show that on
that date one standard bearer, one corporal, and twenty-three
privates were escorting the bishop on his way to Nacogdoches
and that two other privates had been sent with mail to overtake
From La Bahia the bishop went directly to Nacogdoches, where
he arrived on April 28. He was accompanied to that place not
only by the escort provided for him but also by settlers who
were suspected of being engaged in contraband trade and of
using the bishop's visit as a camouflage.'5 When the bishop
continued his trip, these suspected settlers apparently went with
him as did several additional soldiers whose express duty was
to watch the suspects and to prevent any illicit trade on their
After a stay of nine days in Nacogdoches, the bishop left to
go to the house of Antonio Bouquer, a native of Virginia, who
at this time lived on the Laguna de Juan de Mora about five
12Juan Bautista de Elgu6zabal, -San Antonio de Bexar, February 15, 1805, to
Don Primo, Obispo del Nuevo Reino de Leon, in Bexar Archives at the University
1sHe probably departed from La Bahia on April 15, for Father Puelles says
that the bishop arrived in Nacogdoches on April 28, 1805, after "a three-day
journey from the presidio of La Bahia del Espiritu Santo." Pichardo's Treatise on
the Limits of Louisiana and Texas (tr. Charles Wilson Hackett and Charmion
Clair Shelby) (8 vols.; Austin, 1941), III, 439. Since it would have been
impossible for the bishop to have gone from La Bahia to Nacogdoches in three
days, Father Puelles probably said that the bishop arrived after a thirteen-day
14Military report of La Bahia del Espiritu Santo signed by Francisco Amangual,
La Bahia del Espfritu Santo, April so, 18o05, in Bexar Archives at the University
15Dionisio Valle, Nacogdoches, May 5, 1805, to Elgu6zabal, in Bexar Archives
at the University of Texas.
1oDionisio Valle, Nacogdoches, May 6, 1805, to Elgu6zabal, in Bexar Archives
at the University of Texas.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 51, July 1947 - April, 1948, periodical, 1948; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101119/m1/38/: accessed January 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.