The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 51, July 1947 - April, 1948 Page: 33
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Bishop Marin de Porras and Texas
the troops had come to sixty thousand pesos a year, last year they
did not come to eighteen thousand pesos. And this was for goods
that the Americans do not have, such as soap, sugar, and all kinds
of hides. Besides this, he has dealt equally in another very lucrative
contraband trade in mules and horses, with which the Americans
have enriched themselves, for they needed them for their troops and
for the manufacture from which they gain sustenance. I believe
that Your Excellency is already informed of all this by the com-
mandant general, who has ordered secret reports made of it and
these themselves will prove more and more the truth of all that I
His excesses have not stopped here, because, counting on the
constant protection of his friend Calleja, he has mortified the unfor-
tunate troops in a thousand ways. Drawing up the muster of those
that were to meet at Bexar, they [Herrera and Calleja] found a
new means for their unjust exactions. He that wished to free himself
of serving in the militia had to buy off his oppression with a certain
number of horses or a certain amount of cash; and after this sacrifice
had been made, many of them were forced to leave their homes and
enter the military service, which vile tribute has been continued by
his brother, Don Pedro Herrera, Lt. Governor as he is unjustly said
to be of this province. Yturrigaray wanted the senior alcalde to be
the lieutenant-governor, but they [Calleja and Herrera] alleged that
the latter had to go to Texas and in the meanwhile said that Herrera
[Don Pedro] could be lieutenant-governor (in order to suppress
the complaints of the province) and all [the allegations] turned
out false. The alcalde remained in Monterrey, from whence he has
not departed, and [Pedro] Herrera with a convenient and feigned
title continued and continues governing without any one daring
to oppose him.
On this kind of exactions, a report was ordered by this Viceroyalty
to be made by one Molano and on seeing that they [the complaints]
were multiplied and very much justified, they [the Herreras and
Calleja] asked the government prior to that of Your Excellency that
a new comissioner be sent by means of Calleja, and the latter sent
a young man, inexperienced, if not to be said sold to him [Calleja]
and who was serving him as assessor in his office of Inspector; and
according to what I have been told he has excited a thousand dis-
turbances in the city of Monterrey.
So many evils and disorders have thrown the entire province into
the greatest confusion and misery. I cannot look upon them without
pain and heartfelt sorrow. I can see no comfort or remedy except
that of the powerful arm of Your Excellency. Therefore filled with
the greatest confidence I ask and beg Your Excellency with the proper
reserve and secrecy to order Governor Herrera to appear here to
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 51, July 1947 - April, 1948, periodical, 1948; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101119/m1/51/: accessed September 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.