The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 51, July 1947 - April, 1948 Page: 48
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
Southwestern Historical Quarterly
this small attendance dropped steadily. When Almonte in-
spected the town in 1834, he found that the lone school was
"very badly supported."3o
In the town of La Bahia conditions were even worse. A town
official, reporting to his superior in Bexar, portrayed a sad state
Due to the miserable conditions the population is diminishing. ..
If there had been a supply of horses here, the place would have been
absolutely abandoned. This is the main reason why a regular
school does not exist in this district such as we had a few months
ago. Only through the entreaties and persuasions of the Cabildo
and the parish priest has D. T. Buentello taken charge of 16-2o
children to whom he gives primary instruction, more as a favor than
for the money he receives. Yet if circumstances ... should change,
the first step this ayuntamiento will take will be the establishment
of a school."l
Handicapped by poverty, frontier conditions, political unrest,
a declining population, and lack of state aid, the Mexican settle-
ments were unable to maintain adequate educational facilities.
Federal and state decrees had proved ineffective in creating an
educational system; the efforts of the individual Mexican munici-
palities proved no more successful.
In the Anglo-American settlements, however, the educational
picture was materially brighter. Texas had been opened to Amer-
ican colonization through the efforts of Moses Austin and his
son Stephen. The latter brought the first group of American
colonists into the province in 1821. For almost a decade there-
after, Mexico encouraged American emigration by granting huge
tracts of free land. Under this incentive, American settlers
poured into Texas. By 1825 there were over seven thousand
Americans in Texas, a number already greater than the Mex-
ican population.2 The latter remained stationary, whereas the
former increased rapidly. In 183o there were twenty-two thou-
sand Americans in Texas; by 1835 almost thirty thousand." The
Mexican population never rose beyond four thousand. Thus,
0OMorphis, History of Texas, 58.
alHernandez to Governor Martinez, August 3, 1822, in Eby, Education in Texas:
Source Materials, 53. Original in Bexar Archives.
32Rives, United States and Mexico, I, 153.
33Garrison, Texas, 157.
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Periodical.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 51, July 1947 - April, 1948, periodical, 1948; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101119/m1/66/: accessed March 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.