The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 51, July 1947 - April, 1948 Page: 56
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
REPORT OF INSPECTION'OF 8th MILITARY DEPARTMENT
MADE BY BVT. LT. COL. W. G. FREEMAN ASST. ADJT.
GEN. PURSUANT TO INSTRUCTIONS FROM
HEAD QUARTERS OF ARMY DATED
APRIL 22, 1853
SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS, October 1, 1853.
LIEUT. COL. L. THOMAS,
Asst. Adjt. General,
Head Quarters of the Army,
I have the honour to submit the following report of the inspection
of the 8th Military Department, made by me pursuant to your in-
structions of April 22, 1853. So many important changes have re-
cently taken place within the limits of the Department command
that it is probable my remarks will occasionally be inapplicable to
the existing condition of things. In such cases I beg it will be recol-
lected that I am not describing matters as they now are, but as I
found them at the period of my inspection, and according to the
impressions then made upon my mind. I deem it essential to call
attention to this point in the outset, to guard against the miscon-
ception of any portion of my report.
Your instructions of April 22d, above cited, reached me in due
course of mail, but it was not until the 5th of May that I was relieved
from duty in the Adjutant General's Office. The same day I set out
from Washington for Texas, taking the route of the Ohio and Mis-
sissippi rivers, and embarking in a steamer from New Orleans, May
22d, reached Matagorda Bay, May 26th, and commenced the service
assigned me by the inspection of-
THE INDIANOLA DEPOT4- (Inspected, May 26, 1853.)
This depot, which is used by the Quartermaster's and Subsistence
Departments of the Army, is situated in the town of Indianola. on
Matagorda Bay, about 20 miles from the bar of Pass Cavallo. The
town contains some 600 inhabitants and is a place of considerable
trade. All supplies coming by sea for the principal depots at San
Antonio and Austin, are landed at this point and conveyed hence
by wagons, the distances to the places named being, respectively, 140
4Indianola was founded in 1844, when Prince Carl of Solms-Braunfels chose the
site as the landing point for his colonists from Germany. It was one of the princi.
pal ports of Texas, ranking next to Galveston. J. R. Bartlett reported in 1850 that
the harbors at Indianola and La Salle "possess advantages above those of any ports
on the Gulf of Mexico, between the mouth of the Mississippi and Vera Cruz, with
the exception of Galveston." (J. R. Bartlett, Personal Narrative of Explorations
and Incidents in Texas, ... connected with the United States and Mexican Bound-
ary Commission [2 vols.; New York, 1854], I, x3). Indianola was destroyed by a
hurricane on September 15, 1875. Texas Almanac, 1936 (Dallas, 1936).
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 51, July 1947 - April, 1948, periodical, 1948; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101119/m1/74/: accessed May 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.